Use of laboratory equipment for analysis of external quality of food maize kernel

Authors

  • Marek Angelovič Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Transport and Bioenergetics, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Tel.: +421 37 641 4363 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5040-0358
  • Michal Angelovič Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Transport and Bioenergetics, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Tel.: +421 37 641 4795 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9562-2547
  • Ján Jobbágy Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Transport and Bioenergetics, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra Tel.: +421 37 641 4796 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0204-1036
  • Koloman Krištof Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Transport and Bioenergetics, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Tel.: +421 37 641 4368 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1573-4667

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1722

Keywords:

maize kernel, quality, laboratory equipment, cleaning, sorting, sieve maize

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the parameters of the grain air-sieve cleaner in laboratory conditions on the external quality of food maize (Zea mays L.)  kernel in terms of the design for the selection of a suitable sieve mesh for cleaning procedures. The object of the research was maize kernel, variety Pionier P0216, year of cultivation 2019. The available laboratory equipment was used in the study. To evaluate the external quality of food maize kernel, indicators were determined, which were investigated before and after cleaning. An Asus notebook computer with software from Microsoft Windows XP and Ofice 2010 was used to evaluate the measurement results. These results were achieved: an average bulk density of 846.77 kg.m-3 was found in the input sample of food maize kernel after harvest, admixtures before cleaning reached an average of 19.1% and impurities of 2.76%, cleanliness of kernels before cleaning averaged 76.9%, the output after cleaning expressed in terms of bulk density reached an average value of 851.15 kg.m-3, admixtures after cleaning reached 0.07% and impurities 4.21%, clean kernels after cleaning reached 94.86% and damage kernels after cleaning decreased slightly by separation of fragments and chipped kernels. In conclusion, it was stated that the laboratory technique for post-harvest treatment of grain is at a high level worldwide. Currently, the issue of post-harvest processing of grain in Slovakia is addressed at an average level. Post-harvest processing and storage of grain in terms of enginery and technological and economic aspects is little researched in the Slovak Republic, so these issues are open to further research.

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References

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Published

2022-04-11

How to Cite

Angelovič, M., Angelovič, M., Jobbágy, J., & Krištof, K. (2022). Use of laboratory equipment for analysis of external quality of food maize kernel. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 16, 161–174. https://doi.org/10.5219/1722

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