The effect of oregano essential oil on chicken meat lipid oxidation and peroxidation

Authors

  • Mária Angelovičová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Food Sciences, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 037 641 5805
  • Michal Angelovič Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Machines and Production Biosystems, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421037 641 4795
  • Jozef Čapla Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Food Sciences, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414371 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9475-6359
  • Peter Zajác Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Food Sciences, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414371 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4425-4374
  • Petra Folvarčíková Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Hygiene and Food Safety, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421037 641 5805
  • Jozef Čurlej Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of Food Sciences, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376415825 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0039-5332

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1690

Keywords:

oregano essential oil, chicken thigh with skin, freezing, storage, oxidative

Abstract

The study aimed to investigate and evaluate the oxidative stability of chicken thighs with skin stored in freezing conditions due to the effect of oregano essential oil for various times. The results were compared with a control group without the use of oregano essential oil. Samples of chicken thighs with skin were obtained from an experiment performed on a poultry farm in a deep litter breeding system. The results obtained from the application of oregano essential oil to chicken thighs with skin did not show a statistically significant difference (p >0.05) in the dry matter content, fat content and acid value compared to the control group, where coccidiostats were used in starter and growth feed mixtures. A statistically significant difference was found in the peroxide value by applying oregano essential oil to chicken thighs with skin compared to a control group containing coccidiostats in starter and growth feed mixtures when stored for 1 day at room temperature (p £0.01) and 12 months in freezing conditions at -18 °C (p £0.05) and a statistically non-significant difference (p >0.05) when thighs with skin were stored for 6 and 9 months in -18 °C freezing conditions. In the conclusion, it was stated that maintaining the oxidative stability of chicken meat means knowing the factors that affect it and prepare the conditions for its maintenance. Chicken meat is generally susceptible to oxidative damage because it is characterized by a high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids. With a sufficient amount of effective antioxidants, chicken meat could be a homoeostatic system, but it remains limited or free of oxidized compounds and reactive components. These questions are the subject of further research in the field of oxidative stability of chicken meat.

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Published

2021-10-28

How to Cite

Angelovičová, M., Angelovič, M., Čapla, J., Zajác, P., Folvarčíková, P., & Čurlej, J. (2021). The effect of oregano essential oil on chicken meat lipid oxidation and peroxidation. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 1056–1068. https://doi.org/10.5219/1690

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