Effect of eugenol, neridol and piperine feed supplement on the thigh muscle fat profile of broiler chickens
Keywords:feed supplement of eugenol, neridol and piperine, broiler chicken, thigh muscle, fat, fatty acid
The purpose of this study was to investigate of the broiler chicken thigh muscle fat profile after feeding a commercial supplement based on eugenol, nerolidol and piperine applied in feeding mixtures. Broiler chickens Ross 308 were reared in a pen equipped with a straw deep litter and placed into 2 groups. One group was designated as control and the second as experimental. Difference between control and experimental groups was in using of feed supplement in experimental feeding mixtures. Experimental supplement is a commercial powder product which was used in an amount of 10 g per
100 kg of feeding mixtures. Chickens of body weight of 1800.0 g were selected from each group, human killed and technologically processed to carcass. Samples were measured according to Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) using the Nicolet 6700 instrument. Infrared area near middle was chosen for determining fat and fatty acids. Mean fat content was found slightly higher value 1.53 g.100g-1 in experimental group opposite 1.49 g.100g-1 in control group showing no statistically significant difference (p >0.05). Ratio among saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) was 4.24:5.89:1 in experimental group and 3.75:5.13:1 in control group. Omega-3 PUFAs content was reached 0.54% in experimental group and 0.58% in control group showing no statistically significant (p >0.05). Near-perfect correlation was found between total PUFAs and omega-6 PUFAs as well in the experimental group and control group showing linear, positive and statistically significant relation (p <0.01, p <0.001). Ratio between omega-3 and omega-6 PUFAs was statistically significant (p <0.05) closer in experimental group 1:14.65 opposite ratio 1:16.78 in control group. Conclusion: comparable fat profile in the thigh muscle was achieved, showing no statistically significant difference (p >0.05), in addition to the correlation between total PUFAs and omega-6 PUFAs, which was statistically significant in control (p <0.001) and experimental groups (p <0.01), and statistically significant (p <0.05) closer relation between omega-3 and omega-6 PUFAs in experimental group.
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