The evaluation of antioxidant activity of milling fractions of selected cereals grown in the year 2010


  • Eva Ivanišová Departement of Storing and Processing Plant Products, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, Nitra, SK-949 76
  • Miroslav Ondrejovič Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of SS. Cyril and Methodius, Nam. J. Herdu 2, Trnava, SK-917 01
  • Štefan Dráb Departement of Storing and Processing Plant Products, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, Nitra, SK-949 76
  • Marián Tokár Departement of Storing and Processing Plant Products, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, Nitra, SK-949 76



cereal, , milling fraction, phenolic, antioxidant activity


Cereals are good source of biologically active compounds that contribute to reducing the risk of coronary heart disease and also inhibit oxidation in human plasma. The aim of this study was to evaluate of antioxidant potential of four milling fractions of selected cereals grown in the year 2010. Methanol was used to extract the antioxidant compounds from cereals. Free radical scavenging activity of samples was measured using DPPH assay and reducing power was determined using FRAP assay. Secondary was evaluated of total phenolic and flavonoid content of cereal extracts. We found that flour fractions (break flour and reduction flour) showed the lower proportion of the total antioxidant potential than bran fractions (fine bran and coarse bran). Extract from barley had the highest values of antioxidant activity and phenolic content.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Ayala, R.S., Luque de Castro, M.D. 2001. Continuous subcritical water extraction as a useful tool for isolation of edible essential oils. In Food Chemistry, vol. 75, 2001, no. 1, p. 109-113, ISSN 0308-8146. DOI:

Bargale, P.C., Ford, R.J., Sosulski, F.W., Wulfsohn, D., Irudayaraj, J. 1999. Mechanical oil expression from extruded soybean samples. In Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, vol. 76, 1999, no. 2, p. 223–229, ISSN 1558-9331. DOI:

Bell, J.G., McGhee, F., Campbell, P.J., Sargent, J.R. 2003. Rapeseed oil as an alternative to marine fish oil in diets of post-smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): changes in flesh fatty acid composition and effectiveness of subsequent fish oil wash out. In Aquaculture, vol. 218, 2003, no. 1-4, p. 515-528, ISSN 0044-8486. DOI:

Carter, J.F. 1993. Potential of flaxseed and flaxseed oil in baked goods and other products in human nutrition. In American Association of Cereal Chemists, vol. 38, 1993, no. 10, p. 753-759. ISSN 0009-0352.

Dyerberg, J., Bang, H.O., Aagaard, O. 1980. α-Linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid. In Lancet, vol. 315, 1980, no. 8161, p. 199, ISSN 0140-6736. DOI:

Gaur, R., Sharma, A., Khare, S.K., Gupta, M.N. 2007. A novel process for extraction of edible oils: Enzyme assisted three phase partitioning (EATPP). In Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, 2007, no. 3, p. 696-699, ISSN 0960-8524. DOI:

Gecgel, U., Gumus, T., Tasan, M., Daglioglu, O., Arici, M. 2011. Determination of fatty acid composition of γ-irradiated hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, and pistachios. In Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 80, 2011, no. 4, p. 578-581, ISSN 0969-806X. DOI:

Gorjão, R., Azevedo-Martins, A.K., Rodrigues, H.G., Abdulkader, F., Arcisio-Miranda, M., Procopio, J., Curi, R. 2009. Comparative effects of DHA and EPA on cell function. In Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 122, 2009, no. 1, p. 56-64, ISSN 0163-7258. DOI:

Gutiérrez, C., Rubilar, M., Jara, C., Verdugo, M., Sineiro, J., Shene, C. 2010. Flaxseed and flaxseed cake as a source of compounds for food industry. In Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, vol. 10, 2010, no. 4, p. 454-463, ISSN 1522-2624. DOI:

Jiao, S.S., Li, D., Huang, Z.G., Zhang, Z.S., Bhandari, B., Chen, X.D., Mao, Z.H. 2008. Optimization of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of flaxseed oil using response surface methodology. In International Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 4, 2008, no. 4, p. 42-56. ISSN 1556-3758. DOI:

Jordan, R.G. 2010. Prenatal omega-3 fatty acids: review and recommendations original. In Journal of Midwifery Womens Health, vol. 55, 2010, no. 6, p. 520-528, ISSN 1542-2011. DOI:

Marangoni, F., Colombo, C., Martiello, A., Poli, A., Paoletti, R., Galli, C. 2007. Levels of the n-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid in addition to those of alpha linolenic acid are significantly raised in blood lipids by the intake of four walnuts a day in humans. In Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 17, 2007, no. 6, p. 457-461, ISSN 1590-3729. DOI:

Norme Grassi e Derivati, edited by Stazione Sperimentale per le Industrie degli Oli e Grassi, Milano, Method NGD C10- 1976 (1976).

Özkal, S.G. 2009. Response Surface Analysis and Modeling of Flaxseed Oil Yield in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. In Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 86, 2009, no. 11, p. 1129-1135. ISSN 1558-9331. DOI:

Pinelo, M., Rubilar, M., Jerez, M., Sineiro, J., Nunez, M. J. 2005. Effect of solvent, temperature, and solvent-to-solid ratio on the total phenolic content and antiradical activity of extracts from different components of grape pomace. In Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, 2005, no. 6, p. 2111–2117. ISSN 0021-8561. DOI:

Pradhan, R.CH., Meda,V., Rout, P.K., Naik, S., Dalai, A.K. 2010. Supercritical CO2 extraction of fatty oil from flaxseed and comparison with screw press expression and solvent extraction processes. In Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 98, 2010, no. 4, p. 393-397, ISSN 0260-8774. DOI:

Richardson, J.F., Harker J.H. 2002. Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering-Particle. In Technology and Separation Processes. Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN 0750644451, p. 1185.

Rosenthal, A., Pyle, D.L., Niranjan, K. 1996. Aqueous and enzymatic processes for edible oil extraction. In Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 19, 1996, no. 6, p. 402-420, ISSN 0141-0229. DOI:

Teitelbaum, J.E., Walker, W.A. 2001. Review: the role of omega 3 fatty acids in intestinal inflammation. In Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 12, 2001, no. 1, p. 21-32, ISSN – 1873-4847. DOI:

Tigrine-Kordjani, N., Meklati, B.Y., Chemat, F. 2006. Microwave ‘dry’ distillation as an useful tool for extraction of edible essential oils. In International Journal of Aromatherapy, vol. 16, 2006, no. 3-4, p. 141-147, ISSN 0962-4562. DOI:

Turnbull, T., Cullen-Drill, M., Smaldone, A. 2008. Efficacy of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on improvement of bipolar symptoms: s systematic review. In Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, vol. 22, 2008, no. 5, p. 305-311, ISSN 1532-8228. DOI:

Vyhnánková, L. 2007. PUFA omega-3 a jejich pŭsobení. In Pediatrická prax, vol. 3, 2007, no. 1, p. 141–143, ISSN 1803-5264.

Willems, P., Kuipers, N.J.M., De Haan, A.B. 2008. Hydraulic pressing of oilseeds: experimental determination and modeling of yield and pressing rates. In Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 89, 2008, no. 1, p. 8–16, ISSN 0260-8774. DOI:

Zhang, Q.A , Zhang, Z.O., Yue, X.F., Fan, X.H., Li, T., Chen, S.F. 2009. Response surface optimization of ultrasound-assisted oil extraction from autoclaved almond powder. In Food Chemistry, vol. 116, 2009, no. 2, p. 513-518. ISSN 0308-8146. DOI:




How to Cite

Ivanišová, E. ., Ondrejovič, M. ., Dráb, Štefan ., & Tokár, M. . (2011). The evaluation of antioxidant activity of milling fractions of selected cereals grown in the year 2010. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 5(4), 28–33.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >> 

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.