Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of Serbian tomato varieties grown in conditions of Slovak republic
Keywords:tomatoes, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, yields, varieties
The aim of submitted article was to estimate qualitative and quantitative characteristic of Serbian tomato varieties grown in conditions of Slovak republic and to compare the results with control tomato variety and evaluate their potential for the Slovak market. There were included 6 Serbian tomato varieties: ´Fantom VFCTm F1´, ´Marathon ASVF F1´, ´Honey Heart VF F1´, ´Uragan SVF F1´, ´Kazanova F1 VF´, ´Dinka F1´ and ´Tornado F1´ in control variant, which is wide spread in Slovak tomato production. As qualitative characteristic for every variety total yields (in kg) per every plant, total number of harvested fruits (in pieces for each plant) and average weight of one fruit in kg were evaluated. In Department of vegetable growing laboratory qualitative characteristics in case of all chosen tomato varieties were estimated (included firmness of fruits, total carotenoids estimation, ascorbic acid estimation). Serbian varieties reached lower total yields per plant. From the ´fruit weight´ point of view they created more or less homogenous group of bigger and heavier fruits in comparison with ´Tornado F1´ and statistically significant homogenous group when focusing on total number of fruits per plant in comparison with ´Tornado F1´ variety. Differences between control variant and chosen Serbian varieties were even more considerable in case of qualitative characteristics, where ´Tornado F1´ reached the lowest values in case of all observed characteristics - firmness of fruits, total carotenoids and ascorbic acid content. According to increasing importance of antioxidants in human diet, all tested Serbian varieties appeared to be very interesting for Slovak consumers from following both qualitative and quantitative characteristics.
Basu, A., Imrhan, V. 2007. Tomatoes versus lycopene in oxidative stress and carcinogenesis: conclusions from clinical trials. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 61, p. 295-303. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602510
Burton-Freeman, B., Sesso, H. 2014. Whole food versus supplement: comparing the clinical evidence of tomato intake and lycopene supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors. Adv. Nutr., vol. 5, p. 457-485. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.114.005231
Carli, P., Caruso, G., Fogliano, V., Carputo, D., Frusciante, L., Ercolano, M. R. 2011. Development of a methodology to forecast the nutritional value of new tomato hybrids. Euphytica, vol. 180, no 3, p. 291-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0350-0
Ece, A., Darakci, N. 2007. Determination of Relationships Between Number of Stem and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, vol. 6, no. 5, p. 802-808. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2007.802.808
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOSTAT) 2014. [cit. 2014-12-10]. Available at: http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx
Frusciante, L., Carli, P., Ercolano, M. R., Pernice, R., Di Matteo, A., Fogliano, V., Pellegrini, N. 2007. Antioxidant nutritional quality of tomato. Mol. Nutr. Food Res., vol. 51,
no 5, p. 609-617. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600158 PMid:17427261
Gama, J. J. T., Tadiotti, A. C., Sylos, C. M. 2006. Comparison of carotenoid content in tomato, tomato pulp
and ketchup by liquid chromatography, Alim. Nutr., vol. 17, no. 4, p. 353-358. [cit. 2014-02-10] Available at: http://serv-bib.fcfar.unesp.br/seer/index.php/alimentos/article/viewFile/285/278
Georgea, B., Kaura, Ch., Khurdiyaa, D. S., Kapoorb, H. C. 2004. Antioxidants in tomato (Lycopersium esculentum) as a function of genotype. Food Chemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, p. 45-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00165-1
Gil, M. I., Tomas-Barberan, F. A. N, Hess-Pierce, B., Kader, A. A. 2002. Antioxidant capacities, phenolic compounds, carotenoids, and vitamin C contents of nectarine, peach, and plum cultivars from California, J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 50, no. 17, p. 4976-4982. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020136b PMid:12166993
Kona, J., Konova, E. 2008. Rajčiak jedlý: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Nitra: Garmond, 2008, 93 p. ISBN 978-80-89148-46-2
Mendelova, A., Fikselova, M., Mendel, L. 2013. Carotenoids and lycopene content in fresh and dried tomato fruits and tomato juice. Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun., vol. 61, no. 5, p. 1329-1337. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201361051329
Mendelova, A., Fikselova, M., Mendel, L., Andrejiova, A., Marecek, J., Czako, P. 2015. Quality assessment of edible tomato varieties intended for industrial processing, Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, p. 114-117. [cit. 2014-12-15] Available at: http://www.jmbfs.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Mendelova.pdf
Mendelova, A., Marecek, J., Vietoris, V. 2010. Dynamics of carotenoids and lycopene content in fruits of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentumMill.). Potravinarstvo, vol. 4, p. 82-86. [cit. 2014-12-15] Available at: http://www.potravinarstvo.com/dokumenty/mc_februar_2010/pdf/1/Mendelova.pdf
Meravá, E. 2014. Vegetables. Situation and outlook report. National Agricultural and Food Centre Branch: Research Institute of Agriculture and Food, VÚEPP Bratislava, 2014, 50 p. ISSN 1338-8010.
Milijašević, S., Todorović, B., Rekanović, E., Potočnik, I., Gavrilović, V. 2009. Races and hosts of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in Serbia. Arch. Biol. Sci.. Belgrade., vol. 61, no. 1, p. 93-102. https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS0901093M
Moran, N. E., Erdman, J. W. jr., Clinton, S. K.2013. Complex interactions between dietary and genetic factors impact lycopene metabolism and distribution. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. vol. 539, no. 2, p. 171-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2013.06.017 PMid:23845854
Novakovic, N., Mutavdzic, B., Ivanisevic, D., Ilin, Z. 2012. Comparative analysis of vegetables production in Serbia and republic of Srpska, Third International Scientific Symposium "Agrosym Jahorina 2012".,
p. 650-655 [cit. 2014-12-15] Available at: http://184.108.40.206/agrosym/agrosym_2012/dokumenti/5_ruralni_razvoj/13_RD_Novakovic_Nebojsa.pdf
Perveen, A. R., Suleria, H. A. R., Anjum, F. M., Butt, M. S., Pasha, I., Ahmad, S. 2015. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) carotenoids & lycopenes chemistry; Metabolism. Absorption. Nutrition and Allied health claims - A comprehensive review. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., vol. 55, no. 7, p. 919-929, https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2012.657809 PMid:24915375
Savic, S., Stikic, R., Zaric, V., Vucelic-Radovic, B., Jovanovic, Z., Marjanovic, M., Djordjevic, S., Petkovic, D. 2011. Deficit irrigation technique for reducing water use of tomato under polytunnel conditions. Journal of Central European Agriculture. vol. 12, no. 4, p. 590-600. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/12.4.960
Uher, A., Andreijová, A., Bernáth, S., Černý, I., Kóňa, J., Mezey, J., Paulen, O., Valšíková, M. 2012. Poľné a záhradné plodiny (Field and garden crops). SPU. 305 p. ISBN: 9788055208244
UKSUP (Ustredný kontrolný a skúšobný ústav potravinársky) - Central and Testing Institute in Agriculture, 2014. List of registered varieties for Slovak republic, 2014. Central and Testing Institute in Agriculture. [cit. 2014-12-10] Available at: http://www.uksup.sk/download/odrody/20140109_LRO_2013.pdf
Vogelzang, N. 2006. Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006, 907 p. ISBN: 0781749840.
Yoshida, K., Yokoyama, H., Oteki, T., Matsumoto, G., Aizawa, K., Inakuma, T. 2011. Evaluation of the effect of dietary lycopene, the main carotenoid in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), on the in vivo renal reducing ability by a radiofrequency electron paramagnetic resonance method.: J. Agric. Food Chem. vol. 59, no. 7, p. 2966-2971. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf1041883 PMid:21381743
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).