Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of selected celery (Apium graveolens var. Dulce) varieties in the context of juices production
Keywords:celery, yields, chlorophyll, total soluble solids
Celery, Apium graveolens var. Dulce (Mill.) is a biennial plant, lesser used in Slovakia in comparison with celeriac, but with increasing popularity because of its very health beneficial properties. The aim of the study was to evaluate quantitative (yields) and qualitative (chlorophyll a and b, soluble solids) parameters in selected patioles of celery in the context of raw juice production in a small-plot field experiment. Six varieties of celery (var. Dulce) were planted - ´Helios´, ´Red Soup´, ´Malachit´, ´Verde Pascal´, ´Golden Self- Blanching´ and ´Celebrity´. The harvest was carried out twice a season in terms of August and September. The chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b were determined spectrophotometrically, Total soluble solids were estimated by the help of refractometer. The lowest values in yields reached ´Malachit´variety, the highest ´Red Soup´ variety. In the evaluation of both harvests the ´Celebrity´ and ´Golden S.´ varieties showed the lowest chlorophyll content. The total soluble solid content reached values ranging from 5.00 to 8.77 °BRIX, in the following order: ´Celebrity´ <´Helios´ <´Golden S.´ < ´Red Soup´ <´Verde Pascal´. The term of harvest had significant influence on chlorophyll a and b. The effect wasn´t confirmed on yields and soluble solids according to used statistical analyse. There were mainly other kind of characteristics followed in previous scientific studies about celery (var. Dulce), such a flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, fibre, the essential oils and phenolic acids, etc. Processing to juices or smoothies allow consuming of other antioxidant - chlorophyll.
Abd El-Mageed, N. M. 2011. Hepatoprotective effect of feeding celery leaves mixed with chicory leaves and barley grains to hypercholesterolemic rats., Pharmacognosy Magazine, vol. 7, no. 26, p. 151-156. http://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1296.80675
Fu, N., Wang, Q., Shen, H. L. 2013. De Novo Assembly, Gene Annotation and Marker Development Using Illumina Paired-End Transcriptome Sequences in Celery (Apium graveolens L.), PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 2., p. 1-12. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057686
Gbasouzor, A. I., Okonkwo, C. A. 2015. Design and Characterization of a Model Fruit Juice Extracting Machine for Healthy and Vibrant Life in Today's Modern. In: Kim H., Amouzegar M., Ao S. (eds) Transactions on Engineering Technologies. Dordrecht, Germany : Springer, p. 445-469. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7236-5_32
Guerra, N., Carrozzi, L., Goni, M. G., Roura, S., Yommi, A. 2010. Quality Characterization Of Celery (Apium Graveolens L.) By Plant Zones And Two Harvest Dates, Journal Of Food Science, vol. 75, no. 6, p. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01701.x
Hegedűsová, A., Mezeyová, I., Andrejiová, A. 2015. Metódy stanovenia vybraných biologicky aktívnych látok (Determination methods of selected biologically active substances). Nitra, Slovakia : Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 72 p. ISBN 978-80-552-1420-7
Helaly, A. A., Baek, J. P. Mady, E., Eldekashy, M. H. Z., Craker, L. 2015. Phytochemical Analysis of Some Celery Accessions. Journal of Medicinally Active Plants, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.7275/R5542KJF
Helaly, A., El-Refy, A., Mady, E., Mosa, K. A., Craker, L. 2013. Morphological and molecular analysis of three celery accessions, Journal of medicinally active plants, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 27-32.
Hostetler, G. L., Riedl, K. M., Schwartz, S. J. 2012. Endogenous Enzymes, Heat, and pH Affect Flavone Profiles in Parsley (Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum) and Celery (Apium graveolens) during Juice Processing, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 60, no. 1, p. 202-208. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf2033736
Kreck, M., H., Dietrich, C. D. Patz, M. Ludwig, P. J., Paschold, S., Both, A., Baumgart, H. J., Schmitz, D., Schrenk. 2006. Characterization of celery juices made of different celery varieties at different irrigation levels. Deutsche Lebensmittel Rundschau, vol. 102, no. 1, p. 17-24.
Li, P., Jia, J., Zhang, D., Xie, J., Xu, X., Wei, D. 2014. In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activities of a flavonoid isolated from celery (Apium graveolens L. Var. Dulce). Food Funct., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 50-56. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3fo60273g
Lin, L. Z., Lu, S., Harnly, J. M. 2007. Detection and Quantification of Glycosylated Flavonoid Malonates in Celery, Chinese Celery, and Celery Seed by LC-DAD-ESI/MS. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 4, p. 1321-1326. http://doi.org/10.1021/jf0624796
Liu, C., Huang, Y. 2016. Chinese Herbal Medicine on Cardiovascular Diseases and the Mechanisms of Action. Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 7, 469 p. http://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2016.00469
Mandžuková, J. 2014. Miraculous nature drugs (Natural magic medicine), Slovakia : Príroda, 200 p., ISBN 978800702304
Manzocco, L., Quarta, B., Dri, A. 2009. Polyphenoloxidase inactivation by light exposure in model systems and apple derivatives. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, vol.10, no. 4, p. 506-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2009.02.004
Mezeyová, I., Hegedűsová, A., Gubovičová, S., Mezey, J., Farkaš, J. 2017. Influence of varietal variability and harvest time on the content of vitamin C in the stem and stalk of celery (Apium graveolens L. var. dulce), Horticulture, p. 174-182. ISBN 978-80-552-1725-3
Moghadam, M. H., Imenshahidi, M., Mohajeri, S. A. 2013. Antihypertensive Effect of Celery Seed on Rat Blood Pressure in Chronic Administration. Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 16, no. 6, p. 558-563. http://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2012.2664
Nadwodnik, J., Lohaus, G. 2008. Subcellular concentrations of sugar alcohols and sugars in relation to phloem translocation in Plantago major, Plantago maritima, Prunus persica, and Apium graveolens., Planta, vol. 227, no. 5, p. 1079-1089. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-007-0682-0
Pekárková, E. 2004. We grow carrots, radishes, celery and other root vegetables, Prague, Czech Republic : Grada Publishing,a.s, 100 p. ISBN 80-247-0744-6
Petříková, K. 2006. Vegetables - Cultivation, economics, sales. Prague, Czech Republic : Profi Press,s.r.o., 240 p. ISBN 80-86726-20-7
Rizzo, V., Muratore, G. 2009. Effects of packaging on shelf life of fresh celery. Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 90, no. 1, p. 124-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.06.011
Rożek, E. 2013. Yielding of leaf celery Apium graveolens L. var. secalinum Alef. depending on the number of harvests and irrigation, Modern Phytomorphology, vol. 3, p. 83-86. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.166571
Sheng, J. P., Liu, C., Shen, L. 2018. Comparative study of minerals and some nutrients in organic celery and traditional celery, Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis vol. 29, p. 247-249.
Tabassum, N., Ahmad, F. 2011. Role of natural herbs in the treatment of hypertension, Pharmacogn Rev. vol. 5, no. 9, p. 30-40. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-7847.79097
Uher, A., Kóňa, J., Valšíková, M., Andrejiová, A. 2009. Vegetables - Field Cultivation, University Textbook, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 212 p., ISBN 978-80-552-0199-3. (In Slovak)
Valšíková, M., Mezeyová, I., Rehuš, M., Šlosár, M. 2016. Changes of vitamin C content in celery and parsley herb after processing, Potravinarstvo, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 637-642. https://doi.org/10.5219/687
Vániková, A. 2006. Celery and leaf celery, Research institute of vegetables, [cit. 2018-01-15]. Available at: http://old.agroporadenstvo.sk/rv/zelenina/zeler_stopkovy.htm
Vaughan, J., Geissler, J., 2009. The New Oxford Book of Food Plants, 2nd Edition, Oxford, UK : OUP Oxford, 288 p., ISBN-13: 978-0199549467
Zhan, L., Hu, J., Pang, L., Li, Y. and Shao, J. 2014. Effects of light exposure on chlorophyll, sugars and vitamin C content of fresh-cut celery (Apium graveolens var. Dulce) petioles. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., vol. 49, p. 347-353. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.12292
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).