Comparative characteristics of goat milk products in farms of Akmola and North Kazakhstan regions
Keywords:goat milk, dairy product, quality, goat farm, Kazakhstan
Providing the population with high-quality products is a priority intention of the government. North Kazakhstan and Akmola regions are the most promising in developing the country's dairy cattle breeding and milk processing. An assessment of the qualitative indicators of milk production and processing in these areas would allow us to assess the dynamics of the development of the country's dairy industry and identify the main problems, so research on this issue is relevant. The study aimed to analyze the qualitative indicators of milk production and processing at the enterprises of the North Kazakhstan and Akmola regions, the factors affecting the quality of dairy products, and the prospects for expanding the range of enterprises. In the study, an InfraXact infrared analyzer was used to determine the quality of haylage in the diet of goats and for goat milk - the CombiFoss FT + analyzer. Generally, the quality of milk on the goat farms "Zeren" and "Tamasha-2050" in terms of fat, protein, lactose, fatty acid composition of milk fat, and somatic cells meets the regulatory requirements. The specificity of the goat farm "Tamasha-2050" is the production of various hard and soft cheese types. Farm "Zeren" is focused on the production scale and a wide range of products (drinking milk, yogurt, kefir, and ice cream). It was concluded that there is a wide choice for the consumer of high-quality dairy products from goat milk in enterprises.
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