Analysis of qualitative and quantitative indicators of milk production and processing at the enterprises of the Akmola region
Keywords:cow’s milk, protein, fat content, fermented milk products, agriculture, milk yield
The primary tasks are the development of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the provision of high-quality products to the population. The Akmola region is one of the country's most developed agricultural and industrial regions. The assessment of qualitative and quantitative indicators of milk production and processing in the Akmola region reflects the development dynamics of the dairy industry of the country and the main problems that need to be solved; therefore, research on this issue is relevant. The purpose of the study was to analyse the quantitative and qualitative indicators of milk production and processing at the enterprises of the Akmola region, review research on the development of formulations based on the raw materials of the area, and study factors affecting the quality of dairy products. The main method used in the study was the analysis of the suitability of milk of the Akmola region as a raw material for producing cheese fermented milk. It was found that, in general, the quality of milk of the Akmola region in terms of fat, protein, minerals, and lactose, the fatty-acid composition of milk fat, the content of somatic cells is good. The specificity of the region, which consists in the fact that most of the raw materials for milk processing plants are supplied by private farms, leads to the variability of microbiological indicators of milk and the content of somatic cells, which limits the use of milk in the production of certain types of cheese. It was concluded that there is a necessity in the development of new recipes, considering the characteristics of raw and powdered milk produced in the Akmola region, which will increase the range of high-quality dairy products, which will be distributed within the country and for export.
Azretbergenova, G. Zh., Syzdykova, A. O., & Bimendeev, B. (2021). Ensuring food security of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of COVID-2019. In Agricultural Market Problems (No. 2, pp. 21–30). Kazakh Research Institute of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development DOI: https://doi.org/10.46666/2021-2.2708-9991.02
On amendments to the resolution of the akimat of Akmola region No. А-2/50 “On approval of the amount of subsidies in the field of animal husbandry”. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/aqmola-ush/documents/details/161435?lang=ru
Report on the implementation of budget programs of the Department of Agriculture of Akmola region for 2020. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/aqmola-ush/documents/details/156152?lang=ru
Report of akim of Akmola region Ermek Marzhikpayev “On the results of socio-economic development of Akmola region for 2020 and main tasks for 2021”. (2021). Retrieved from https://cutt.ly/JWTZbOx.
Processing enterprises of Akmola region. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/aqmola-ush/documents/details/112451?lang=ru
Shunekeyeva, A. A., Alimardanova, & M. K., Loskutova, G. A. (2018). Prospects for expanding the range of national Kazakh dairy products through the use of goat milk. In V. A. Wagner, & E. S. Dikalova (Eds.), Modern problems of technology and technology of food production: Materials of the XIX International Scientific and Practical Conference Barnaul (pp. 264–266). Polzunov Altai State Technical University.
Murphy, S. C., Martin, N. H., Barbano, D. M., & Wiedmann, М. (2016). Influence of raw milk quality on processed dairy products: How do raw milk quality test results relate to product quality and yield? In Journal of Dairy Science (Vol. 99, No. 12, pp. 10128–10149). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11172 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11172
Nassyrkhanova, B. K., & Belgibayeva, A. S. (2020). Milk and dairy products market in Akmola region of Kazakhstan. Problems of AgriMarket (No. 4, pp. 125–132). Kazakh RI of AIC Economy and Rural Development. https://doi.org/10.46666/2020-4-2708-9991.15 DOI: https://doi.org/10.46666/2020-4-2708-9991.15
Jenness, R., & Patton, S. (2018). Principles of dairy chemistry. Agri Horti Press.
On the production of raw cow’s milk by agricultural producers of Akmola region. (2020). Retrieved from https://stat.gov.kz/api/getFile/?docId=ESTAT384914
Socio-economic development of agriculture in Akmola region in 2021. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/aqmola-ush/documents/details/134394?lang=ru
Alimzhanov, B. O., Alimzhanova, L. V., Bekkozhin, A. Zh., Bostanova, S. K., Sheiko, & Yu. N. (2014). Milk productivity, reproductive ability and morphofunctional properties of the udder of first-generation Holstein heifers. In Herald of Science of S. Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical University (Vol. 3, No. 82, pp. 41–46). Bulletin of Science of the S. Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University.
Aitmukhanbetov, D. K., Alentaev, A. S., & Shamshidin, A. S. (2018). Milk urea content in dairy herds of Akmola region, the Republic of Kazakhstan. In R. V. Nekrasov., E. N. Delyagina, & S. A. Nikitin (Eds.), Fundamental and applied feeding aspects agricultural animals: Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference (pp. 18–20). Federal Research Center for Animal Husbandry named after Academy Member L.K. Ernst.
Khastaeva, A. Zh., Zhamurova, V. S., Mamaeva, L. A., Kozhabergenov, A. T., Karimov, N. Zh., & Muratbekova, K. M. (2021). Quality indicators of milk of Simmental and Holstein cows in different lactation seasons. In Veterinary World (Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 956–963). Veterinary World. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2021.956-963
Koltyugina, O. V., Loskutova, G. A., Dubinets, I. M., & Alekseenko, I. V. (2013). Assessment of raw milk in the Akmola region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In Polzunovsky Bulletin (Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 143–145). Polzunov Altai State Technical University.
Shaimerdenova, D. A., Chakanova, J. M., Iskakova, D. M., Sarbasova, G. T., Esmambetov, A. A., & Bekbolatova, M. B. (2020). Fermented milk products with extruded grain bases. In Proceedings of VSUET (Vol. 82, No. 4, pp. 179–187). VSUET. https://doi.org/10.20914/2310-1202-2020-4-179-187 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20914/2310-1202-2020-4-179-187
ST RK 1733-2015 “Milk and dairy products. General technical conditions”. (2017). Retrieved from https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=32459980#pos=38;-60.
Technical regulations of the Customs Union “On the safety of milk and dairy products”. (2013). Retrieved from https://docs.cntd.ru/document/499050562
Zhakupova, G. N., Sagandyk, A. T. (2020). Development of technology of yoghurt by using acid whey. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Vol. 4, No. 442, pp. 51–57). D.V. Sokolsky Institute of Fuel, Catalysis and Electrochemistry. https://doi.org/10.32014/2020.2518-1491.64 DOI: https://doi.org/10.32014/2020.2518-1491.64
Shunekeyeva, A. A. (2020). Research of preferences of consumers of dairy products in the Akmola region. In Eurasia Journal of BioSciences (No. 14, pp. 6687–6690). Foundation for Enviromental Protection and Research.
Shunekeyeva, A. A., Alimardanova, M., & Majorov, A. A. (2021 a). Chemical composition, texture and sensory evaluation of yogurts supplemented with amaranth flour. In American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences (Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 136–143). Science Publications. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2021.136.143 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajavsp.2021.136.143
Shunekeyeva, A. A., Alimardanova, M. K., & Majorov, A. A. (2021 b). Fruit-berry fillers in the production of Kazakh national fermented milk drinks. In News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Vol. 1, No. 445, pp. 139–144). D.V. Sokolsky Institute of Fuel, Catalysis and Electrochemistry. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32014/2021.2518-1491.18
Sinyavskiy, Yu. A., Berdygaliev, A. B., Deripaskina, Ye. A., Kucherbayeva, M. M., Ibraimov, Y. S., Nurushev, M. Zh., & Tuigunov, D. N. (2020). Regional features of the composition and properties of mares milk. Bulletin of the Orenburg Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of RAS (No. 2, pp. 1–17). Orenburg Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of RAS.
Harlap, S.Yu., Gorelik, A.S., Kvarditsky, E.V., Vinogradova, N.D., Batalov, A.S., & Tamaev, S.A. (2020). Technological properties of cow’s milk depending on the season of the year. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 613, article number 012047). IOP Science. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/613/1/012047 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/613/1/012047
Bousbia, A., Ghozlane, F., Benidir, M., & Belkheir, B. (2013). Quantitative and qualitative response of dairy production of cattle herds to husbandry practices. In African Journal of Agricultural Research (Vol. 8, No. 45, pp. 5622–5629). Academic Journals. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.7477
Hanuš, O., Križova, L., Samkova, E., Špicka, J., Kucera, J., Klimešova, M., Roubal, P., & Jedelska, R. (2016). The effect of cattle breed, season and type of diet on the fatty acid profile of raw milk. In Archives Animal Breeding (No. 59, pp. 373–380). Copernicus. https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-59-373-2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-59-373-2016
Fox, P. F., Uniacke-Lowe, T., McSweeny, P. L. H., & O’Mahony, J. A. (2015). Dairy chemistry and biochemistry. Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14892-2
McSweeney, P. L. H., Fox, P. F., Cotter, P. D., & Everett, D.W. (2017). Cheese: Chemistry, physics and microbiology. Academic Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).