The antimicrobial activity of polyfloral honey and its awareness among urban consumers in Slovakia


  • Peter Šedí­k Slovak University of Agiculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Center for Research and Educational projects, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4908
  • Kristína Predanócyová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, AgroBioTech Research Centre, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4914
  • Elena Horská Slovak University of Agiculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Marketing and Trade, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 5179
  • Miroslava Kačániová , Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Fruit Sciences, Viticulture and Enology, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia; University of Rzeszow, Institute of Food Technology and Nutrition, Department of Bioenergy, Food Technology and Microbiology, Zelwerowicza St. 4, 35601 Rzeszow, Poland, Tel. +421376414715



consumer research, consumer perception, honey consumer, antimicrobial activity, Slovak honey , honey


The current interdisciplinary research studies the antimicrobial activity of selected polyfloral kinds of honey (n = 30) against three microorganisms (gram-positive bacteria Enterococcus faecalis, gram-negative bacteria Salmonella enterica, and one yeast Candida krusei) as well as investigates consumer behavior and awareness towards honey healing properties. Consumer research involved 617 honey consumers living in urban areas. T-test for Equality of means, non-parametric tests, and descriptive statistics were applied. Results showed that antimicrobial activity was found in all honey samples with a concentration of 50%. Nevertheless, better activity was obtained in honey samples from urban beekeepers compared to samples from retail stores. Results of consumer research showed that honey is mostly used as food (sweetener in beverages, ingredient in the recipe, or direct consumption) and as medicine mainly during the winter period. The consumer awareness towards honey healing effects was very high (97%), however, 1/3 of respondents were not able to list any specific examples, and only 11 % mentioned antibacterial activity. Furthermore, more than 70% of respondents did not know to explain the term “medical honey” and more than 50% of respondents are not aware of the maximum temperature used for heating honey without decreasing its biologically active compounds.


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How to Cite

Šedí­k, P., Predanócyová, K. ., Horská, E., & Kačániová, M. . (2021). The antimicrobial activity of polyfloral honey and its awareness among urban consumers in Slovakia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 467–474.

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