Rural production of tropically adapted breeds of chickens in rural areas of Kwara state, Nigeria
Keywords:breeds, chickens, egg, production
Chicken keeping is a common thing with most household in rural areas of Nigeria. The birds are raised under extensive system of production with little or no feed provided by the farmers for the birds, hence there is the need to compare the rate of egg production of six different breeds of chickens reared under the same conditions in the rural areas. Twelve villages were randomly selected from the long list of villages in Kwara, 20 households per village and 4 villages per senatorial district, with a total coverage of 240 households for the study. The birds that were used for the study were indigenous chicken (Fulani), improved indigenous chickens (Shika Brown, Funaab Alpha and Noiler) and imported tropically adapted birds (Sasso and Kuroiler). Thirty six weeks old pre-vaccinated and brooded chickens of different breeds given to the farmers were managed under the traditional poultry scavenging system in all the three senatorial districts. The non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the comparison between districts and breeds. There were no significant differences in egg production per senatorial district, egg production from different breeds and production from different senatorial districts remained averagely low. Low egg production by all the breeds showed that scavenging way of rural chicken production should be improved on for better productivity. This can be achieved through supplemental feed formulated and produced from locally available feed ingredients for the chickens.
Abebe, K., Tesfaye, E. 2017. Poultry based intervention as a tool for rural women empowerment and poverty reduction: a review. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science, vol. 5, no. 11, p. 353-359.
Adebambo, O., Adebambo, A., Adeleke, M., Adeleye, A., Adeyinka, I., Ajayi, F., Akinola, W., Alabi, O., Bamidele, O., Dessie, T., Ikeobi, C., Ogundu, U., Ojoawo, H., Osinbowale, D., Ozoje, M., Peters, S., Sonaiya, B., Wheto, M. and Yakubu, A. 2018. Genetic conservation through effective utilization of the improved indigenous chicken breeds by rural households in Nigeria. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume Challenges - Species Conservation, vol. 1117. Nigeria : CGIAR, 17 p.
Adeleke, M. A., Peters, S. O., Ozoje, M. O., Ikeobi, C. O. N., Bamgbose, A. M., Olufunmilayo A. A. 2011. Growth performance of Nigerian local chickens in crosses involving an exotic broiler breeder. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., vol. 43, p. 643. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9747-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9747-3
Akinola, L. A. F., Essien, A. 2011. Relevance of rural poultry production in developing countries with special reference to Africa. World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 67, no. 4, p. 697-705. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933911000778 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933911000778
Alders, R. G., Pym, R. A. E. 2009. Village poultry: still important to millions, eight thousand years after domestication. World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 65, no. 2, p. 181-190. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933909000117 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933909000117
Alders, R. G., Bagnol, B., Young, M .P. 2010. Technically sound and sustainable Newcastle disease control in village chickens: lessons learnt over fifteen years. World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 66, no. 3, p. 433-440. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933910000516 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933910000516
Assa, M. M. 2012. Poultry production and rural poverty among small-scale farmers in Mzimba District of Malawi. Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 24, no. 10, p. 1.
Bett, H. K., Musyko, M. P., Peters, K. J., Bokelmann, W. 2012. Demand for Meat in the Rural and Urban Areas of Kenya: A Focus on the Indigenous Chicken. Economics Research International, vol. 2012, 10 p. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/401472 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/401472
Billah, S. M., Nargis, F., Hossan, M. E., Howlider, M. A., Lee, S. H. 2013. Family poultry production and consumption patterns in selected households of Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, vol. 5, no. 4, p. 62-69.
De Bruyn, J., Wong, J. T., Bagnol, B., Pengelly, B., Alders, R.G. 2015. Family poultry and food and nutrition security. CAB Review, vol. 10, p. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1079/PAVSNNR201510013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/PAVSNNR201510013
Dessie, T., Dana, N., Ayalew,W., Hanotte, O. 2012. Current state of knowledge on indigenous chicken genetic resources of the tropics: domestication, distribution and documentation of information on the genetic resources. World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 68, no. 1, p. 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933912000025 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933912000025
Dhaka, B. L., Meena, G. S., Bainoa, R. K., Meena, N. L. 2017. Supplementing rural livelihoods through backyard poultry farming. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, vol. 6, no. 4, p. 1412-1415 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.172
Diarra, S. S., Tabuaciri, P. 2014. Feeding management of poultry in high environmental temperatures. International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 13, no. 11, p. 657-661. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.172 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2014.657.661
Dumas, S. E., Lungu, L., Mulambya, N., Daka, W., McDonald, E., Steubing, E., Lewis, T., Backel, K., Jange, J., Lucio-Martinez, B., Lewis, D., Travis, A. J. 2016. Sustainable smallholder poultry interventions to promote food security and social, agricultural, and ecological resilience in the Luangwa Valley. Zambia Food Security, vol. 8, no. 3, p. 507-520. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-016-0579-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-016-0579-5
Fiorella, K. L., Chen, R. L., Milner, E. M., Fernald, L. C. H. 2016. Agricultural interventions for improved nutrition: a review of livelihood and environmental dimensions. Global Food Security, vol. 8, p. 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2016.03.003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2016.03.003
Gondwe, T. N., Wollny, C. B. A., Safalaoh, A. C. L., Chagunda, M. G. G., Chilera, F. C. 2005. Performance of scavenging Malawi local chickens during the period of human food shortage. Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 17, no. 5, p. 1.
Javed, K., Farooq, M., Mian, M. A., Durrani, F. R., Mussawar, S. 2003. Flock size and egg production performance of backyard chicken reared by rural woman in Peshawar, Pakistan. Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 15, no. 11, p. 1.
Magothe, T. M., Okeno, T. O., Muhuyi, W. B., Kahi, A. K. 2012. Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: II. Prospects for research and development. World's Poultry Science Journal, vol. 68, no. 1, p. 133-144. https://doi.org/10.1017/S004393391200013X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S004393391200013X
Mahendra, K. P. 2016. Importance of Indigenous Breeds of Chicken for Rural Economy and Their Improvements for Higher Production Performance Scientifica, vol. 2016, p. 9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2604685 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2604685
Melesse, A. 2014. Significance of scavenging chicken production in the rural community of Africa for enhanced food security. World’s Poultry Science Journal, vol. 70, no. 3, p. 593-606. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933914000646 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933914000646
Mutayoba, S. K., Katule, A. K., Minga, U., Mtambo, M. M., Olsen, J. E. 2012. The effect of supplementation on the performance of free-range local chickens in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. vol. 24, no. 5, p. 1.
Natukunda, K., Kugonza, D., Kyarisiima, C. 2011. Indigenous chickens of the Kamuli Plains in Uganda: I. Production system and flock dynamics. Livestoc Research for Rural Development, vol. 23, no. 10, p. 1.
Ogunlade, I., Adebayo, S. 2009. Socio-economic status of women in rural poultry Production in selected areas of Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 8, p. 55-59. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2009.55.59 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2009.55.59
Omprakash, A. V., Pandian, C. 2011. Poulvet, 2011. Rural poultry production. Poulvet. Available at: http://poulvet.com/poultry/articles/rural_poultry_production.php.
Ruel, M. T., Quisumbing, A. R., Balagamwala, M. 2018. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture: What have we learned so far?. Global Food Security, vol. 17, p. 128-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.01.002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.01.002
Sharaunga, S., Darroch, M. A. G., Mudhara, M. 2014. The impact of feed costs on the production of eggs in South Africa in period 1970-2007: an analysis using a demand-supply simultaneous equation model. Journal Agrekon, vol. 53, no. 2, p. 83-107. https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2014.915484 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2014.915484
SPSS. 2015. Statistical Package for Social Scientist, IBM Corp. Released 2015. IBM SPSS, Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0. Armonk. NY: IBM Corp.
Tadelle, D., Ogle, B. 2001. Village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., vol. 33, no. 6, p. 521-537. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012740832558 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012740832558
Tumova, E., Gous, R. M. 2012. Interaction of hen production type, age, and temperature on laying pattern and egg quality. Poultry Science, vol. 91, no. 5, p.1269-1275. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2011-01951
Vali, N. 2008. Indigenous chicken production in Iran: a review. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 11, no. 22, p. 2525-2531. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2008.2525.2531 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2008.2525.2531
Varguez-Montero, G., Sarmiento-Franco, L., Santos-Ricalde, R., Segura Correa, J. C. 2012. Egg production and quality under three housing systems in the tropics. Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 44, no. 2, p. 201-204. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-0006-z DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-0006-z
How to Cite
This license permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.