The effect of individual phosphate emulsifying salts and their selected binary mixtures on hardness of processed cheese spreads
Keywords:emulsifying salt, processed cheese spread, hardness, optical density
AbstractThe aim of this work was to observe the effects of emulsifying salts composed of trisodium citrate and sodium phosphates with different chain length (disodium phosphate (DSP), tetrasodium diphosphate (TSPP), pentasodium triphosphate (PSTP) and sodium salts of polyphosphates with 5 different mean length (n ≈ 5, 9, 13, 20, 28)) on hardness of processed cheese spreads. Hardness of processed cheese spreads with selected binary mixtures of the above mentioned salts were also studied. Measurements were performed after 2, 9 and 30 days of storage at 6 °C. Hardness of processed cheese increased with increase in chain length of individually used phosphates. Majority of applied binary mixtures of emulsifying salts had not significant influence on hardness charges in processed cheese spreads. On the other hand, a combination of phosphates salts (DSP with TSPP) was found, which had specific effect on hardness of processed cheese spreads. Textural properties of samples with trisodium citrate were similar compared to samples with DSP.
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