The The effect of fortified Dadih (fermented buffalo milk) with vitamin D3 on caecum cholesterol concentration and high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level in type 2 diabetes mellitus rat model
Keywords:T2DM, dadih, vitamin D3, caecum-cholesterol, hs-CRP
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be developed by a cardiovascular complication. T2DM and its complications associated with a decrease in levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D below normal. The level of 25-OH-D can increase and it can be gained by probiotics supplementation. Dadih is a probiotic useful as antidiabetic, antiatherosclerotic, and it can reduce serum cholesterol. Vitamin D is beneficial for T2DM since it improves insulin production, acts as an anti-inflammatory and prevents dyslipidemia thereby preventing cardiovascular disease. This research aims to investigate the effects of giving dadih-fortified-vitamin-D3 toward caecum-cholesterol-concentration and hs-CRP-levels to T2DM-induced-rats. This study used a randomized pre-post test with control group design in 30 Wistar rats divided into 5 groups, namely T1, T2, and T3-treatment-groups. T3-group was given dadih-fortified-vitamin-D3, while T1 and T2-groups were given vitamin-D3 and dadih, respectively. The control groups were healthy-control (C1), and T2DM (C2). The intervention was given through oral sonde for 28days. The variables analyzed were caecal-cholesterol-concentrations using a spectrophotometer and hs-CRP using the ELISA method. The statistical tests were used for the caecum-cholesterol-concentration and hs-CRP levels. The mean of caecum-cholesterol-concentration in the T3-group (83.68 ±1.93mg.100g-1), was higher than T1 (77.99 ±1.70; p = 0.004) and C2-control (24.39 ±1.47; p = 0.0001). The mean of hs-CRP-level post-intervention in the T3-group (4.21 ±0.41 ng.mL-1), was lower than C2 (17.15 ±0.85;p = 0.0001), T1 (6.59 ±0.27; p = 0.0001) and T2 (5.43 ±0.39; p = 0.004). There is a very strong inverse correlation between the concentration of cholesterol and hs-CRP ( r = -0.979, p = 0.0001). The conclusion is dadih-fortified-vitamin-D3 –intervention is better than its single intervention as an anti-inflammation which might relate to the increased caecum-cholesterol-concentration.
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