Celiac disease: the situation on the Slovak market


  • Ľudmila Nagyová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Marketing and Trade, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Ingrida Košičiarová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra Faculty of Economics and Management Department of Marketing and Trade Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Jana Rybanská Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Marketing and Trade, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Mária Holienčinová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Marketing and Trade, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra




celiac disease, gluten free product, gluten free diet, consumer behaviour, Slovak republic


Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue, non‐tropical sprue, idiopathic sprue, idiopathic steatorrhoea and gluten‐sensitive enteropathy, is a serious genetic autoimmune disease, which damages the villi of the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. The latest researches show that while in the 1970s the prevalence of celiac disease in the world was 0.03%, in the present years the estimated prevalence is 1%. In average, the prevalence of celiac disease in the Western countries is close to 1:100. The celiac disease occurs more often in the case of women than of men, at a ratio of 2.8:1. The aim of the present paper was to bring few information about the celiac disease, highlight the increasing number of celiacs, as well as to determine the Slovak celiacs opinion about the situation on Slovak market and their consumer behaviour on the market of gluten free products. As research methods, there have been used the methods of survey and structured questionnaire consisting of 22 questions. The total number of respondents was 130 randomly selected celiacs from all over the Slovak republic. For a deeper analysis of the obtained results, there have been set out four assumptions and ten hypotheses, which have been tested with the use of Pearson´s chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U-Test and Cramer´s contingency coefficient. The results of the present paper show, that despite the fact that few of our findings are pleasing - almost 52% of our respondents stay that the labelling of gluten free products is sufficient, over 74% of respondents think that they have enough information about the availability of gluten free products and more than 89% of respondents think that the present scope of range of gluten free products is better as before; there are still some shortcomings, which has to be reduced or eliminated - only less than 7% of respondents think that the price of gluten free products is adequate, over 45% of respondents use this possibility of granting a monetary contribution for compensation of increased expenses on a special diet, almost 65% of respondents think that the scope of range of gluten free products is in the Slovak market insufficient, 53% of respondents think that the availability of gluten free products in the Slovak market is inadequate and only 48% of respondents prefer the domestic producers of gluten free products.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Abdulkarim, A. S., Murray, J. A. 2003. Review article: the diagnosis coeliac disease. Aliment Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 17, no. 8, p. 987-995. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2036.2003.01442.x PMid:12694080 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2036.2003.01442.x

Anderson, R. P. 2008. Coeliac disease: current approach and future prospects. Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 38, no. 10, p. 790-799. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-5994.2008.01741.x PMid:19143879 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-5994.2008.01741.x

Bergendiová, K. 2012. CELIAKIA - choroba, o ktorejaninemusítevedieť [online] s.a. [cit. 2015-12-23] Available at: http://abysportnebolel.sk/zdravie/celiakia/.

Catassi, C., Yachha, SK. 2008. The global village of celiac disease. In: Fasano, A., Troncone, R., Branski, D. Frontiers in celiac disease. Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 2, p. 23-31. https://doi.org/10.1159/000128610 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000128610

Ciclitira, P. J., Johnson, M. W., Dewar, D. H., Ellis, H. J. 2005. The pathodenesis of coeliac disease.Molecular Aspects of Medicine, vol. 26, no. 6, p. 421-458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mam.2005.05.001 PMid:16125764 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mam.2005.05.001

Dubé, C., Rostom, A., Sy, R., Cranney, A., Saloojee, N., Garritty, C., Sampson, M., Zhang, L., Yazdi, F., Mamaladze, V., Pan, I., Macneil, J., Mack, D., Patel, D., Moher, D. 2005. The prevalence of celiac disease in average-risk and at-risk Western European populations: a systematic review. Gastroenterology, vol. 128, no. 4, p. 57-67. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2005.02.014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2005.02.014

Fasano, A. 2009.Surprises from Celiac Disease.Scientific American, vol. 301, no. 2, p. 54-61. https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0809-54 PMid:19634568 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0809-54

Fasano, A., Catassi, C. 2001. Current approaches to diagnosis and treatment of celiac disease: an evolving spectrum. Gastroenterology, vol. 120, no. 3, p. 636-651. https://doi.org/10.1053/gast.2001.22123 PMid:11179241 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/gast.2001.22123

Frič, P. 2008. Celiakie - celosvětováchorobamnohatváří.Česká a SlovenskáGastroenterologie a Hepatologie, vol. 62, no. 4, p. 187-189.

Goebel, S. U. 2015. Celiac Disease (Sprue). [online]s.a. [cit.2015-12-23] Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/ 171805-overview

Guandalini, S. 2009. Exploring the Iceberg.Impact. A publication of the University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 1-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000128267

Gujral, N., Freeman, H. J., Thomson, A. B. R. 2012. Celiac disease: Prevalence, diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment. World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 18, no. 42, p. 6036-6059. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v18.i42.6036 PMid:23155333 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v18.i42.6036

Hes, A., Nagyová, Ľ., Regnerová, M., Kleinová, K., Sedliaková, I. 2014.Maloobchod s bezlepkovýmipotravinami v České a Slovenskérepublice.1. vyd. Praha :Powerprint. 60 p. ISBN 978-80-87994-11-5.

How is Celiac DIseaseDIagnosed? 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-23] Available at: https://www.csaceliacs.org/diagnosis_of_celiac_disease.jsp.

Hybenová, E., Štofirová, J., Mikulajová, A. 2013.Celiac disease and gluten-free diet. Potravinarsvto, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 95-100. https://doi.org/10.5219/276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5219/276

Kabátová, J. 2014, Epidemiology of Celiac Disease in Slovakia: Life Conditions of Celiac Disease Patients in Slovakia. International Journal of Celiac Disease, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 38-39. https://doi.org/10.12691/ijcd-2-2-1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12691/ijcd-2-2-1

Košičiarová, I., Nagyová, Ľ., Rybanská, J., Holienčinová, M. 2015. Celiac Disease: Consumer behaviour in the field of gluten free products in the case of Slovak republic. In ICABR 2015. Brno: Mendel university, p. 452-467. ISBN 978-80-7509-328-8.

Lohi, S., Mustalahti, K., Kaukinen, K., Laurila, K., Collin, P., RIssanen, H., Lohi, O., Bravi, E., Gasparin, M., Reunanen, A., Mäaki, M. 2007. Increasing prevalence of coeliac disease over time.Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 26, no. 9, p. 1217-1225. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2007.03502.x PMid:17944736 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2007.03502.x

Mati, M., Staruch, L. 2012. Monitoring of a gluten content in selected meat products from three biggest meat producers in Slovakia. Potravinarstvo, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 30-33. https://doi.org/10.5219/167 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5219/167

Mustalahti, K., Catassi, C., Reunanen, A., Fabiani, E., Heier, M., McMillan, S., Murray, L., Metzger, M. H., Gasparin, M., Bravi, E., Mäki, M. 2010.The prevalence of celiac disease in Europe Results of a centralized international mass screening project. Annals of Medicine, vol. 42, no. 8, p. 587-595. https://doi.org/10.3109/07853890.2010.505931 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3109/07853890.2010.505931


National Foundation for Celiac Awareness, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-22] Available at: http://www.celiaccentral.org/ celiac-disease/facts-and-figures/.

Olén, O., Askling, J., Ludviqsson, J. F., Ekbom, A., Smedby, K. E. 2011. Coeliac disease characteristics, compliance to a gluten free diet and risk of lymphoma by subtype. Digestive and Liver Disease, vol. 43, 2011, no. 11, p. 862-868. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2011.07.012

Pekárková, B., Pekárek, B., Kabátová, J. 2009. Racionálnadiagnostika a liečba celiakie. Štandardný diagnostický a terapeutický postup. Metodický list racionálnej farmakoterapie, vol. 13, no. 1-2, p. 1-8.

Prokopová, L. 2008. Celiakie - Co má vědět ambulantní internista. Interní Medicina pro praxi, vol. 10, no. 5, p. 233-239.

Rimarova, K. (2013). Celiac Diseases - Global Demographic Context and Slovakia. International Journal of Celiac Disease, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 17-18. https://doi.org/10.12691/ijcd-1-1-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12691/ijcd-1-1-7

Rubio-Tapia, A., Ludvigsson, J. F., Brantner, T. L., Murray, J. A., Everhart, J. E. 2012. American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 107, no. 10, p. 1538-1544. https://doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2012.219 PMid:22850429 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2012.219

Sayer, J. 2005. The Dark Side of Wheat - New Perspectives On Celiac Disease and Wheat Intolerance [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-20] Available at: http://www.greenmedinfo.com/page/ dark-side-wheat-new-perspectives-celiac-disease-wheat-intolerance-sayer-ji.

Suchá, V., Jurgoš, Ľ., Dostálová, K., Móricová, Š. 2015. Aktuálnypohľadnaceliaku. Solen, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 22-28.

Thomas, H. J., Ahmad, T., Rajaguru, C., Barnardo, M., Warren, B. F., Jewell, D. P. 2009. Contribution of histological, serological, and genetic factors to the clinical heterogeneity of adult-onset coeliac disease.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 44, no. 9, p. 1076-1083. https://doi.org/10.1080/00365520903100473 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00365520903100473


URL 1: What is Celiac Disease? 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-22] Available at:https://www.csaceliacs.org/celiac_disease_defined.jsp

URL 2: NIH National Institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney disease, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-21] Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/celiac-disease/Pages/facts.aspx

URL 3: Celiac Support Association, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-21] Available at: https://www.csaceliacs.org/celiacdiseasefacts.jsp

URL 4: Did you know? Random facts about celiac and gluten. 2011. [online] 2011-10-11 [cit.2015-12-23] Available at: http://glutendude.com/gluten/did-you-know-random-facts-about-celiac-and-gluten/

URL 5: Celiakia nie je len ochorenie detí a môže sa vyskytovať v ktorom koľvek veku, 2014. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-21] Available at: http://www.bezlepku.sk/?titlee=celiakia-nie-je-len-ochorenie-deti-a-moze-sa-vyskytovat-v-ktoromkolvek-veku&id=89&kat1=2&kat2=2&kat3=&shopid=2

URL 6: Celiac Disease, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-22] Available at: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/celiacdisease.html

URL 7: Diagnosis, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-22] Available at: https://celiac.org/celiac-disease/diagnosing-celiac-disease/diagnosis/

URL 8: Celiac dinase facts and figures, 2014. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-21] Available at: http://www.cureceliacdisease.org/ wpcontent/uploads/2014/06/CeliacDiseaseFactsAndFigures0614.pdf

URL 9: Výskyt celiakie sa v Európe zvyšuje, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-23] Available at: http://www.eufic.org/article/ sk/artid/Coeliac-disease-on-the-rise-in-Europe

URL 10: Celiac Disease Treatment, 2015. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-23] Available at: http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/ celiac-disease/celiac-disease-treatment

URL 11: Výskytceliakie v Európesazvyšuje, 2012. Food today [online] 2016-06-09 [cit.2015-12-20] Available at: http://www.eufic.org/article/sk/artid/Coeliac-disease-on-the-rise-in-Europe

URL 12: Celiakia - život bez lepku, 2014. [online] s.a. [cit.2015-12-22] Available at: http://www.celiakia.sk/files/subory-na-stiahnutie/ostatne-subory/celiakia-uvod.pdf

Villanaci, V., Ceppa P., Tavani, E., Vindigni, C., Volta, U. 2011. Coeliac disease: The histology report. Digestive and Lver Disease, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 385-395. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1590-8658(11)60594-X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1590-8658(11)60594-X

Walker, M. M., Murray, J. A. 2010. An update in the diagnosis of coeliac disease. Histopathology, vol. 59, 2010, no. 2, p. 166-169. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2559.2010.03680.x




How to Cite

Nagyová, Ľudmila ., Košičiarová, I. ., Rybanská, J. ., & Holienčinová, M. . (2016). Celiac disease: the situation on the Slovak market. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 10(1), 323–331. https://doi.org/10.5219/582

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >> 

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.