Consumers´ awareness of food safety
Keywords:Food, Product Packaging, Food Safety, Consumer, National Mark
Eating food is one of the most important needs of every person, so their safety and quality should be crucial for everyone. People expect, that food they eat is hygienically and health safe. Unfortunately, people usually start to focus on food safety only when various food scandals are exposed and it is too late. Mass consumption of food is the cause of a high risk to human health, but only in the case of harmful food. Food-borne diseases are a common and widespread phenomenon in all parts of the world, regardless of the economic development of the country. Protection of human, animal and plant health is one of the main economic priorities of each country. The political objective of the European Union is therefore to ensure that European Union citizens have access to safe and nutritious foods, so it must meet strict safety standards. In ensuring food safety, it is necessary to take into account all aspects of the food production chain as a whole, because each subject can have a potential impact on food safety. This paper deals with the issues of food safety and food quality. The main objective was to find out how consumers perceive higher quality food and whether they read information included on the food packaging. Primary data were obtained from a survey that was conducted on the sample of 478 respondents living in Slovakia. For a deeper analysis, several assumptions, which were verified by Friedman Test, Chi-Square Test of Independence, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test, were formulated. The survey has found out that 84% of respondents buy higher quality food and 60% purchase them because of health-related reasons. More than half of respondents search for the information about food safety on the Internet and the same percentage considere government as the most reliable source of information about food safety. Unfortunately, just more than one quarter of them read the information on food label and for 34% is this information unsufficient.
Adámková, A., Adámek, M., Mlček, J., Borkovcová, M., Bednářová, M., Kouřimská, L., Skácel, J., Vítová, E. 2017. Welfare of the mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) breeding with regard to nutrition value and food safety. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 460-465. https://doi.org/10.5219/779 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5219/779
Ahmed. A., Ahmed, N., Salman, A. 2005. Critical issues in packaged food business. British Food Journal, vol. 107, no. 10, p. 760-780. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070700510623531 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00070700510623531
Asif, M., Xuhui, W., Nasiri, A., Ayyub, S. 2018. Determinant factors influencing organic food purchase intention and the moderating role of awareness: A comparative analysis. Food Quality and Preference. vol. 63, p. 144-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2017.08.006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2017.08.006
Bhaskar, S., Stavwell, P., Cordato, D., Attia, J., Levi, Ch. 2018. Reperfusion therapy in acute ischemic stroke: dawn of a new era? BMC Neurology. vol. 18, no. 8, p. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-017-1007-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-017-1007-y
Bírošová, Z., Kačenová, D. 2010. Food safety in the Slovak Republic and cooperation with the European Food Safety Authority (Bezpečnosť potravín v Slovenskej republike a spolupráca s európskym úradom pre bezpečnosť potravín). Food Safety and Control (Bezpečnosť a kontrola potravín). Nitra, Slovakia : Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. 342 p. ISBN 978-80-552-0350-8.
Cocolin, L., Rajkovic, A., Rantsiou, K., Uyttendaele, M. 2011. The challenge of merging food safety diagnostic needs with quantitative PCR platforms. Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol. 22, no. 1, p. 30-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2011.02.009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2011.02.009
Fiala, J., Brázdová, Z. 2000. A comparison between the lifestyles of men and women parents of school age children. Central European Journal of Public Health, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 94-100.
EU. 2014. Food safety in the EU [online] s.a. [cit.2018-11-06]. Available at: https://europa.eu/european-union/topics/food-safety_en
FSA. 2009. The food safety act 1990 - A guide for food businesses [online] s.a. [cit.2018-11-06]. Available at: https://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/media/document/fsactguide.pdf
Fung, F., Wang, H. S., Menon, S. 2018. Food safety in the 21st century. Biomedical Journal, vol. 41, no. 2, p. 88-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2018.03.003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2018.03.003
Godfrai, H. C. J., Beddington R. J., Crute, R. I., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, F. J., Pretty, J., Robinson, S., Thomas, M. S., Toulmin, C. 2010. Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People. Science, vol. 327, no. 5967, p. 812-818. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1185383 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1185383
Golian, J., Nagyová, Ľ., Andocsová, A., Zajác, P., Palkovič, J. 2018. Food safety from consumer perspective: Health safety. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 313-322. https://doi.org/10.5219/917 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5219/917
Heide, M., Olsen, S. O. 2017. Influence of packaging attributes on consumer evaluation of fresh cod. Food Quality and Preference, vol. 60, p. 9-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2017.02.015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2017.02.015
Hiza, H. A., Casavale, K. O., Guenther, P. M., Davis, C. A. 2013. Diet Quality of Americans Differs by Age, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, Income and Education Level. Journal of Academy of Nutrition & Diet, vol. 113, no. 2, p. 297-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.08.011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.08.011
Jerzyk, E. 2016. Design and Communication of Ecological Content on Sustainable Packaging in Young Consumers' Opinions. Journal of Food Products Marketing. vol. 22, no. 6, p. 707-716. https://doi.org/10.1080/10454446.2015.1121435 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10454446.2015.1121435
Kecskes-Nagy, E., Korzenszky, P., Sembery, P. 2016. The role of color sorting machine in reducing food safety risks. Potravinarstvo, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 354-358. https://doi.org/10.5219/511 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5219/511
King, T., Cole, M., Farber, J. M., Eisenbrand, G., Zabaras, D., Fox, E. M., Hill, J. P. 2017. Food safety for food security: Relationship between global megatrends and developments in food safety. Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol. 68, p. 160-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2017.08.014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2017.08.014
Košičiarová, I., Nagyová, Ľ., Holienčinová, M., Rybanská, J. 2016. Quality Label as the Guarantee of Higher Quality of Food - A Case Study of Slovak Food Market. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 220, p. 200-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.485 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.485
Liu, Y., Liu, F., Zhang, J. F., Gao, J. 2015. Insights into the nature of food safety issues in Beijing through content analysis of an Internet database of food safety incidents in China. Food Control, vol. 51, p. 206-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.11.017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.11.017
Lv, M., Liu, Y., Geng, J., Kou, X., Xin, Z., Yang, D. 2018. Engineering nanomaterials-based biosensors for food safety detection. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 106, p. 122-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2018.01.049 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2018.01.049
MP SR. 2009. Food quality mark SK, the future of Slovak food (Značka kvality SK, budúcnosť slovenských potravín) [online] s.a. [cit. 2018-10-28]. Available at: http://www.znackakvality.sk/?pl=17
Minkler, M., Estrada, J., Thayer, R., Juachon, L., Wakimoto, P., Falbe, J. 2018. Bringing Healthy Retail to Urban "Food Swamps": a Case Study of CBPR-Informed Policy and Neighborhood Change in San Francisco. Journal of Urban Health, vol 21, no. 6, p. 850-858. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-018-0234-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-018-0234-x
Nadányiová, M. 2015. The Quality Mark SK and its Impact on the Shopping Behavior of Slovak Consumers. Procedia Economics and Finance, vol. 23, p. 1509-1514. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00467-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00467-0
New, C. Y., Thung, T. Y., Premarathne, J. M. K. J. K., Russly, A. R., Abdulkarim, S. M., Son, R. 2017. Microwave oven safety: A food safety consumer survey in Malaysia. Food Control, vol. 80, p. 420-427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2017.05.024 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2017.05.024
Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on the provision of food information to consumers as amended. OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, p. 1-18.
Roosen, J. 2003. Marketing of sale food through labelling. Journal of Food Distribution Research, vol. 34, no. 3 p. 77-82.
Socas-Rodríguez, B., González-Sálamo, J., Hernández-Borges, J., Rodríguez-Delgado, M. Á. 2017. Recent applications of nanomaterials in food safety. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 96, p. 172-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2017.07.002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2017.07.002
Srey, S., Jahid, K. I., Ha, S. 2013. Biofilm formation in food industries: A food safety concern. Food Control, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 572-585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.12.001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.12.001
Stratev, D., Odeyemi, O. A., Pavlov, A., Kyuchukova, R., Fatehi, F., Bamidele, F. A. 2017. Food safety knowledge and hygiene practices among veterinary medicine students at Trakia University. Bulgaria Journal of Infection and Public Health, vol. 10, no. 6, p. 778-782. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2016.12.001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2016.12.001
Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety. OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, 3 1-44.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. 2018. Causes of Food Poisoning [online] s.a. [cit. 2018-10-28]. Available at: https://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/
WHO. 2003. Gems/food regional diets. Geneva : WHO Document Production Services. p. 1-27. ISBN 92-41-59108-0.
Zan, H., Lambea, M., McDowell, J., Scharff, R. L. 2017. An Economic Evaluation of Food Safety Education Interventions: Estimates and Critical Data Gaps. Journal of Food Protection, vol. 80, no. 8, p. 1355-1363. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-510 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-510
How to Cite
This license permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.