Herbicidal effect in relation to the accumulation of macroelements and its regulation by regulators of polyamine synthesis
Keywords:barley, polyamines, triazine herbicide
Stress effects of triazine herbicide on cumulating of important macroelements (phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium) into the grain of barley variety Kompakt, as well as the elimination of its negative effect through the addition of regulators of polyamine synthesis (γ-aminobutyric acid and propylenediamine) were investigated in pot trial. These morphoregulators are degrading products of polyamines and hypothetically after foliar application they should support their biosynthesis which increased level act against stress in plants. Application of the herbicide alone in comparison to control variant reduced the contents of all mentioned macroelements in grain of barley and also in variants, where the mixtures of herbicide with regulators of polyamine biosynthesis were applied, also the values of contents of all macroelements (except of magnesium) in barley grain were reduced (in comparison to this variant). It could be summarized that the presence of regulators in mixtures with triazine herbicide in comparison to control variant had not positive effects on contents of these biogenic elements in grain. By the comparison of variant with the applied herbicide with variants, where also regulators of polyamine synthesis were applied, there was the most positive influence of these mixtures of morphoregulators on statistically non-significant accumulation of phosphorus into generative organs of spring barley and in the case of positive accumulation of magnesium into these plant tissues there was statistically significant relation only after application of mixtures of herbicide with propylenediamine. Positive influence on accumulation of calcium was evaluated only after using of mixtures of herbicide with propylenediamine (statistically significant relation was recorded at the dose 29.6 g.ha-1).
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