Study of indicators of quality and safety of sour cream with vegetable oils
Keywords:sour cream, dairy product, blended oil, water activity, microbiological quality indicator, nutritional value, storage
The article covers the quality and safety indicators of sour cream with vegetable oils, in the composition of which blended oil (sunflower oil + linseed oil) is used as a fat phase in the form of a food emulsion stabilized by an emulsifying complex containing sodium caseinate. According to the chemical composition, sour cream with vegetable oils is characterized by an increased content of the mass fraction of proteins by 0.2% and a reduced content of the mass fraction of carbohydrates by 1.7% compared to classic sour cream, which is connected with the use of food emulsion in its composition. Due to the content of food emulsion, sour cream with vegetable oils has the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids increased by 24 times and the content of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids decreased by 82.11% and 41.2%, respectively, compared to classic sour cream. The indicator of water activity in sour cream with vegetable oils is 0.983 aw, which is lower than classic sour cream (0.988 aw). According to the results of the study of microbiological parameters, on the fifth day of storage in sour cream with vegetable oils, the titrated acidity index was 86 °Т, the number of lactic acid bacteria was 107 CFU/g, and no bacteria of the Escherichia coli group, mould and yeast were detected; it corresponds to the normalized indicators as for classic sour cream. At the end of the storage period, the value of syneresis in sour cream with vegetable oils is 23% lower than the value of syneresis in the control sample. In sour cream with vegetable oils, during five days of storage, the value of peroxide 3.0 – 4.0 ½ O mmol/k and acid value 2.5 – 2.6 mg acid number/g are within the normalized values for blended oil (sunflower oil + linseed oil).
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