Influence of technological processing on lipid-lowering activity of substances containing in porcine hearts and aortas
Keywords:by-products, heart, aorta, lipid-lowering activity, functional additives and product
Edible by-products are a good source of nutrients and bioactive substances and could be used as functional ingredients or for biopeptides production natively contained in raw materials. A wide range of peptides are also formed during the enzymatic hydrolysis or food processing. The comparative results of the effectiveness of isolated certain protein and peptide fractions by ultrafiltration with the same natively presented in raw tissues, as well as the influence of heat treatment on biological activity of origin active substances are presented. The model of rat alimentary hyperlipidemia was developed by adding cholesterol and fat to the standard diet and vitamin D2 injection per os. Serum lipid profile was determined on automatic analyzer BioChem FC-360. Dynamic of changes in serum lipid profile was assessed as corresponding control group medium results in ratio to certain rat data. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) was performed according to the method of O’Farrell with isoelectric focusing in ampholine pH gradient (IEF-PAGE) with following identification by MALDI-TOF MS and MS/MS mass spectrometry. Consumption of native pig aorta and pig heart during 14th days led to normalization of lipid profile in serum of hyperlipidemic rats, while low molecular weight (LMUF, MW <5 kDa) and medium molecular weight (MMUF, MW = 5 – 30 kDa) ultrafiltrates of pig aorta extract did not strongly influenced on level of triglicerides and, on contrary, elevated high density cholesterol. Consumption of developed product by hyperlipidemic rats during 28th days did not lead to significant changes in serum lipid profile, while on 42nd day all ratios reached ones in group, which were treated with native raw material or isolated active fractions. The stability of developed product was confirmed by proteomic studies. Obtained results open prospects to modernization the technology, presumably use as a matrix dietary meat (e.g. poultry) with incorporated active identified components.
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