Bromine in chicken eggs, feed, and water from different regions of Ukraine

Authors

  • Oleksandr Orobchenko National Scientific Center, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory for Toxicological Monitoring, Pushkinska St., 83, 61023, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Теl.: 0973797213
  • Yuliia Koreneva National Scientific Center, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory for Toxicological Monitoring, Pushkinska St., 83, 61023, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tel.: 0996005371 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9401-7732
  • Anatoliy Paliy National Scientific Center, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory of Veterinary Sanitation and Parasitology, Pushkinska St., 83, 61023, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Теl.: 0662253434 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9193-3548
  • Kateryna Rodionova Odesa State Agrarian University, Faculty of Veterinary madicine, Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Sanitary and Expertise, Panteleimonovskaya Str., 13, 65012, Odesa, Ukraine, Tel.: 0662486856 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7245-4525
  • Mikola Korenev State Biotechnological University, Department of internal diseases and clinical diagnostics of animals, Mala Danylivka, 62341, Derhachi district, Kharkiv region, Ukraine, Tel.: 0958010659
  • Natalіya Kravchenko Kharkiv State Zooveterinary Academy, Department of clinical diagnostics and clinical biochemistry, Mala Danylivka, 62341, Derhachi district, Kharkiv region, Ukraine, Tel.: 0509838531
  • Olena Pavlichenko State Biotechnological University, Department of Sanitation, Hygiene and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, 44 Alchevskih Str., 61002, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tеl.: 050-026-35-30
  • Svetlana Tkachuk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Department of Veterinary Hygiene, 16 Colonel Potekhin Str., 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Теl.: 067-592-09-00 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6923-1793
  • Oleksandr Nechyporenko Sumy National Agrarian University, Department of Therapy, Pharmacology, Clinical Diagnostics and Chemistry, 160 Herasym Kondratiev Str., 40021, Sumy, Ukraine, Tel.: 099-251-22-92
  • Svitlana Nazarenko Sumy National Agrarian University, Department of Veterinary Examination, Microbiology, Zoohygiene and Safety and Quality of Livestock Products, 160 Herasym Kondratiev Str., 40021, Sumy, Ukraine, Теl.: 099-141-75-29

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1710

Keywords:

eggs, bromine, feed, water, laying hens

Abstract

The purpose of these studies was to analyse and compare the content of bromine in samples of chicken eggs, feed, and water from different regions of Ukraine in the dynamics of 2016 – 2020: with an increased risk of bromine in products (Kharkiv, Poltava, Dnipropetrovsk and Mykolaiv regions) and outside the risk zone (Volyn, Vinnytsia and Zaporizhzhia). Studies of bromine content in eggs, feed, and water were performed in the laboratory of toxicological monitoring of the National Scientific Center "Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine" (Kharkiv) using X-ray fluorescence analysis. As a result of the conducted researches, the increase of the bromine content in chicken eggs in the dynamics of 2016 – 2020 was established: the bromine content increased regardless of the region of the poultry farm location. The highest bromine concentration in chicken eggs was found in Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Mykolaiv, and Zaporizhia regions. Bromine source in poultry products is the excessive intake of bromine in the poultry body with alimentary environmental factors (feed and water). Bromine content in feed for chickens increased in the research dynamics (from 35.1% in the Poltava region to 2.5 times in the Zaporizhzhia region). It exceeded the established EFSA (4.4% of the total) and the average in Ukraine (51.2% of the total number of samples). In addition, the average bromine content in feed from poultry farms of the studied regions of Ukraine correlated with the number of registered and approved bromine-containing pesticides. The average bromine concentration in water sources in the studied regions of Ukraine had no significant differences compared to the beginning of the study but exceeded the maximum allowable concentration by 21.7% in 2016, 34.8% in 2018 and 39.1% in 2020. The maximum bromine concentration was in water sources in Mykolayiv, Kharkiv, and Dnipropetrovsk regions.

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Published

2022-02-10

How to Cite

Orobchenko, O., Koreneva, Y., Paliy, . A., Rodionova, K., Korenev, M., Kravchenko, N., Pavlichenko, O., Tkachuk, S., Nechyporenko, O., & Nazarenko, S. (2022). Bromine in chicken eggs, feed, and water from different regions of Ukraine. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 16, 42–54. https://doi.org/10.5219/1710