The effect of Kawa Daun (Coffea canephora) decoction on blood glucose levels and pancreatic β-cells regeneration in rats with diabetes


  • Risya Ahriyasna , Universitas Perintis Indonesia, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutritional Science, Adinegoro Lubuk Buaya, 25586, Padang, Indonesia, Tel.: +62751481992
  • Def Primal Universitas Perintis Indonesia, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Anatomy and Histology, Adinegoro Lubuk Buaya, 25586, Padang, Indonesia, Tel.: +6281348305867



blood glucose, Kawa Daun, pancreatic β-cells, flavonoid, antioxidant


Giving coffee leaves Kawa Daun (Coffea canephora), which contains flavonoids and chlorophyll, which are antioxidants, is one of the therapies that may be used to treat diabetes mellitus, which is expected to affect 783 million people worldwide by 2045. This study, therefore, aims to demonstrate Kawa Daun decoction’s potency in lowering blood glucose levels and restoring pancreatic β-cells in rats with diabetes mellitus. Wistar rats (2-3 months, 200 g, n = 28) were used in this true experimental study, which applied a pre-post-control group design. Regular feeding + no intervention was for the group (K-); Kawa Daun was not provided to (K+) DM (alloxan) rats + regular feeding; (P1) DM rats (alloxan) received 3.6 ml/200 g BW/day of Kawa Daun decoction along with regular feeding; Kawa Daun decoction 7.2 ml/200 g body weight/day in addition to regular feeding was given to (P2) DM rats (alloxan). For 14 days, the intervention was given orally. A spectrophotometer was utilized to detect blood glucose levels, and histological analysis using H&E staining was employed to determine the state of the pancreatic β-cells. In comparison to the (K+) group, the intervention group significantly decreased blood glucose levels (p = 0.001), according to the findings. The P2 group's reduction in blood sugar levels (∆ = 139.33 mg/dl 38.45) was more significant than that of the P1 group (∆ = 109.17 mg/dl 35.32). Compared to the (K+) (27.1% damage) group, the intervention group's pancreatic β-cells revealed improvement according to the histopathological examination results. The group's (P2 = 14.9%) damage area was less than the group's (P1 = 22.4%). This study emphasizes how administering Kawa Daun decoction can improve blood glucose levels and reconstruct the pancreatic β-cells damage and its protection. Finally, this kind of leaf could be a substitute compound for diabetic herbal therapy.


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How to Cite

Ahriyasna, R., & Primal, D. (2023). The effect of Kawa Daun (Coffea canephora) decoction on blood glucose levels and pancreatic β-cells regeneration in rats with diabetes. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 17, 122–131.