Characteristics of protein, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolism of fish of the Kremenchuk Reservoir in the prespawning period

Authors

  • Nataliіa Rudyk-Leuska National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UkraineNational University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(067)274-09-17 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4355-7071
  • Mykhailo Leuskyi National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(096)381-87-68
  • Nikolay Yevtushenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(098)552-14-97
  • Melaniia Khyzhniak National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(097)433-12-42 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2350-1919
  • Igor Buzevich Institute of Fisheries of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Obukhivska Str.,135, 03164, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(067)498-08-80 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7526-9774
  • Alina Makarenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(096)749-00-24 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2166-8566
  • Ganna Kotovska National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(096)551-69-29 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7155-1086
  • Iryna Kononenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Аquaculturе, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 19, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(096)607-60-58 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3906-3650

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1771

Keywords:

reservoir, fish, liver, white skeletal muscle, proteins, lipids, glycogen

Abstract

The paper presents the results of scientific research aimed at studying the peculiarities of metabolism in the body of seven species of mature fish in the Kremenchuk reservoir in the pre-spawning period under ecological conditions that differ from existing ones according to the Dnipro Reservoir Rules of Operation. Somewhat increased levels of total protein accumulation were found during this period in the muscles of zander, perch, and gibel carp. More statistically significant differences between the content of total protein in the liver and muscles were found in other fish species, in particular in roach it was 51.2%, in bream – 57.8%, in European flounder, and zope – 40.6%.

Slightly elevated total lipids were found in the muscles of these fish. Thus, in the muscles of silver bream, it was 12.07 mg/g of raw weight, and in the muscles of gibel carp – 18.5 mg/g, while in the muscles of all other studied species of fish, this figure was in the range of 6.7 to 8.71 mg/g of raw weight. The glycogen content in the muscles of different objects of the Kremenchuk reservoir in the pre-spawning period was different. Its highest content was found in the gibel carp muscle, which reached 74 mg/g of raw weight. Significantly lower (2.7 times) was the level of glycogen accumulation in zander muscles and 3.2 times – in roach muscles. In the muscles of bream, European perch and silver bream found close, relatively low levels of glycogen, which was in the range of 10 – 13 mg/g of raw mass, and the lowest level of its accumulation was recorded in the muscles of the zope (only
4.9 mg/g). The glycogen content of the liver of all studied fish species significantly exceeded that recorded in their muscles.

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Published

2022-08-05

How to Cite

Rudyk-Leuska, N., Leuskyi, M., Yevtushenko, N., Khyzhniak, M., Buzevich, I., Makarenko, A., Kotovska, G., & Kononenko, I. (2022). Characteristics of protein, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolism of fish of the Kremenchuk Reservoir in the prespawning period. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 16, 490–501. https://doi.org/10.5219/1771