Physiological state of plants and quality of plum fruits grafted on the rootstocks of various strength of growth depending on the plant nutrition mode
Keywords:Prunus domestica, plum, rootstocks, plant nutrition mode, physiological state, productivity
The influence of the nutrition mode on the physiological state, productivity, and quality of the plum harvest of the Stanley variety on the rootstocks of various strengths of growth was investigated. The fertilizer system included the intra-soil application of the complex organic-mineral fertilizer based on peat and non-root dressings combined with the “Novosil” phytoregulator. The nutrition mode of plum plants was studied by the method of gross content diagnostics of elements in leaves and fruits. The significant increase of nitrogen and phosphorus content, number of functional pigments, free amino acids, and protein synthesis, especially in plants on the rootstock Best, was established during the period of the intensive shoot and ovary growth. In the early summer, the increase of calcium content and decrease of secondary metabolite one was found against the background of a decline of growth activity in plum leaves on the dwarf and medium rootstocks. The statistically reliable positive correlation between nitrogen, potassium, calcium and their content in plum fruits on the rootstock VVA 1 (r = 0.68, r = 0.74, r = 0.52) and rootstock Best (r = 0.75, r = 0.84, r = 0.61) was identified against the background of the application of fertilizers during the period of stress influence of abiotic factors in July. The green pigment content was also increased. The decline of protein content in leaves in the trees on the rootstock Best and rootstock PK SK 1 was minimal. At that time maximum losses of shared water were in plants on the rootstock cherry plum seedlings and minimum ones were on the rootstock PK SK 1. In early August the gross content of nitrogen, potassium, and calcium in the leaves of shoots increased with the application of fertilizers. In early September the excess of the sum of amino acids in plum leaves was 26,6-30,8% while the one in plum fruits was 12.5 and 23.5%; 24.2 and 11.5%; 17.3 and 19.6% on the rootstock VVA 1, rootstock Best, rootstock PK SK 1 respectively. The nutrition mode optimization promoted increasing of plant productivity on the rootstock Best and fruit weight on the rootstock VVA 1, rootstock Best, and rootstock PK SK 1.
Blazhny, E. S., Gavrilyuk, F. Ya., Valkov, V. F., Redkin, N. E. 1985. Chernozems of the Western Ciscaucasia. Chernozems of the USSR (Ciscaucasia and Caucasus). Moscow, Russia, p. 5-59.
Bogdanov, P. E. 2003.Biological features and economic value of plum varieties and forms for production and selection: abstract of the PhD thesis. Michurinsk, Russia 23 p.
Cuque, F., Motta A.Tutida I., May-De Mio, L. 2011. Nitrogen and potassium fertilization affecting the plum postharvest quality. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. vol.3 3. p. 328-336 https://www.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452011000500041
Doroshenko, T. N., Zakharchuk, N. V., Ryazanova, L. G. 2010. Adaptive potential of fruit plants in the south of Russia. Krasnodar, Russia : Enlightenment-Yug. 123 p.
Doroshenko, T. N., Ryazanova, L. G., Maksimtsov, D. V. 2015. Role of boron in optimization plum on the South of Russia. Fruit and berry growing in Russia, vol. 42, p. 272-276.
Eisert, E. K., Achkanov, A. Ya., Durgaryan, N. G., et al. 1987. Handbook of agricultural chemist of the Kuban. Krasnodar, Russia, 256 p.
Eremin, G. V. 2000. Biological potential of stone fruit crops and ways to implement it Biological potential of garden plants and ways to implement it. Moscow, Russia, p. 108-115.
Eremin, G. V., Provorchenko, A. V., Gavrish, V. F., Podorozhnyi, V. N., Eremin, V. G. 2000. Stone fruit crops. Cultivation on clonal rootstocks and own roots. Rostov-on-Don: Feniks, 256 p. ISBN 5-222-00537-2. (in Russian)
Eremin, G. V., Prichko, T. G., Kekhaev, V. K. 2006. The growing technology of fruits plums for making prunes. Krasnodar: Depart. Sel. Khoz-va, 29 p. (in Russian).
Eremin, G., Brizhinov, A. 2011. Evaluation of varieties andcljnal rootstocks for creation of early appearance of fruit orchards of prunus domestica. Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia, vol. 11, no 5, p. 14-21.
Fatma, Abou Grah, I. I., Essam Osman, Shiref, A.E.A. 2018. Effect of different NPK fertilizer levels on growth, fruiting parameters and fruit quality of some plum cultivars. https://www.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29654.14401
Gnezdilova, E. M., Doroshenko, A. F. 1984. Assessment of drought resistance of plum and cherry varieties. SB. scientific. Tr. Stavropol research Institute of agriculture. Stavropol, p. 16-20.
GOST standard 26204-91. Soils. Determination of mobile compounds of phosphorus and potassium by Chiricov method modified by CINAO. 1992– 5 p.
GOST standard 26213-91. Soils. Methods for determination of organic matter.1992 – 6 p.
GOST standard 26951-86. Soils. Determination of nitrates by ionometric method. 1986. – 7 p.
GOST standard 21920-76. Fresh large-sized plums and alycha Specifications. 2010. – 10 p.
Li Wen-hua, Wu Wan-xing, Zhang Zhong-liang, Lu Zhou-min. 2003. Influence of soil moisture on hydraulic and growth characteristics of Prunus armeniaca X sibirica. Xibei nonglin keji daxue xuebao. Ziran kexue ban. J. Northwest Sci-Tech Univ. Agr. And Forest. Nat. Sci. Ed., vol. 31, no. 4, р. 139-144.
Ionica, M. E., Nour, V., Trandafir, I. Cosmulescu, S., Botu, M. 2013. Physical and chemical properties of some European plam cultivars (Prunus domestica L.). Not. Bot. Horti Agrobot., Cluj-Napoca. vol. 41, no. 2, р.499-503. https://www.doi.org/10.15835/nbha4129354 .
IUSS Working Group WRB. 2014. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. FAO. Rome. 181 р. ISBN 978-92-5-108369-7 Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/i3794en/I3794en.pdf
Kaufmane, E., Scrivele, M., Rubauskis, E., Ikase, L. 2007. The yield and fruit quality of two plum cultivars on different rootstocks. Sodininkystė ir Daržininkystė, vol. 26, no. 3, р. 10-15. http://www.lsdi.lt/straipsniai/26(3).pdf
Kushnirenko, M. D., Kurchatova, G. P., Stepinca, A. A. 1986. Rapid methods of diagnosis of heat-, drought- and the timing of watering the plants. Kishinev: Stiinta. 39 p.
Kuznetsova, A. P. Nenko, N. I. Drabudko, N. N., Shcheglov, S. N. 2011. USE of biologically active substances in production of the qualiatative material of stone rootstocks. Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 35-46.
Kuznetsova, A. P., Romanenko, A. S. 2014. Actual directions and priority of stable development of nursery planting industry. Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia, vol. 30, no. 6, p. 90-97.
Kuznetsova, A. P. Kovalenko S. P., Sergeeva N. N., Sergeev, F. I., Nenko, N. I. 2016. Technology of cultivation of plums for the South of Russia. Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia, vol. 42, no. 6, p. 33-47.
Kuznetsova, A. P. Shcheglov, S. N., Fedorenko A. M. 2018. Selection of adaptive forms of rootstocks for plum-tree Fruit growing and viticulture of South Russia, vol. 54, no. 6, p. 10-21. https://www.doi.org/10.30679/2219-5335-2018-6-54-10-21
Lipchiu, N. V., Gagai, I. V. 2014. Current state of the Krasnodar territory lands. Polythematic online scientific journal of Kuban State Agrarian University, vol. 99, p. 1138-1153.
Manganaris, G. A., Vicente, A. R., Crisosto, C. H. 2008. Effect of pre-harvest and post-harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, vol. 3, no. 9. https://www.doi.org/10.1079/PAVSNNR20083009
Meland, M., Froynes, O. 2006. Performance of five plum rootstocks to the plum cultivars ‘Opal’ and ‘Reine Claude GF 1119’ (growing in Norway). Sodininkyste ir Darzininkyste, vol. 25, no. 4, p. 179-186.
Miletić, R., Mitić, N., Nikolić, R., Žikić, M. 2003. Uticaj održavanja zemljišta na vodni režim I sadržaj makroelemenata u lišću šljive. Jugusloven. Voćar. vol. 37, no. 3-4. р. 153-161.
Miletić, R. Nikolić, R. Mitić, N., Rakićević, M., Blagojević, M. 2007. Rodnost sorti šljve Čačanska Lepotica I Steney u gustoj sadnji. Voćarstvo. vol. 41, no. 159, р. 113-119.
Milošević, T., Milošević, N. 2012. Factors influencing mineral composition of plum fruits. Journal of Elementology, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 453-464. https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2012.17.3.08
Negovelov, S. F., Valkov, V. F. 1985. Soils and gardens. Rostov, Russia, 192 p.
Nenko, N. et al. 2015. Modern instrumental and analytical methods of research of fruit crops and grapes: Krasnodar: KZNIISiV, 115 p. ISBN: 978-5-98272-107-5
Plich, H. Wójcik, P. 2002. The effect of calcium and boron foliar application on postharvest plum fruit quality Acta Horticulturae, vol. 594, p. 445-451. https://www.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.594.57
Popova, V. P., Yaroshenko, O. V., Sergeeva, N. N. 2018. The effect of foliar feeding on physiological condition of apple trees and chemical content of fruits. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 634-643. https://doi.org/10.5219/928
Provorchenko, A. V., Gavrish, V. F. 2015. Constructions of home plum plantings on clonal rootstocks of different growth strength. Storage and use of genetic resources of garden and vegetable crops: Krymsk, Russia, p. 53-55.
Rakićević, M., Blagojević, M., Mitrović, M., Miletić R. 2007. Rodnost sorti šljve Čačanska Lepotica I Steney u gustoj sadnji. Voćarstvo, vol. 41, no. 159. р. 107-111.
Safarov, R. M., Andryushchenko, Yu. N. 2015. Growing Russian plum varieties Globus on various clonal rootstocks. Storage and use of genetic resources of garden and vegetable crops: Krymsk, Russia, p. 60-62.
Sedov E. N., Ogoltsova T. P. 1999. Program and method of variety study of fruit, berry and nut crops. Orel, Russia: VNIISPK, 608 p. ISBN 5-900705-15-3.
Semenova, L. G. 2007. Violation in fruit development and anatomical structure of the stalk of plum and cherry plum. Proceedings of the Kuban state agrarian University, vol. 1, p. 107-109.
Sergeeva, N. N., Kuznetsova, A. P. Nenko, N. I.. Sergeev, Yu, I., Karavaeva, A. V. 2014. Functional stability of plum plants depending on variety-rootstock combinations, crown formation system and fertilizer application. Scientific work. Modeling of processes for ensuring the sustainability of agroecosystems of fruit crops and grapes. Krasnodar, Russia, vol. 5, p. 113-119.
Sergeeva N. N. Yatsenko G. A. 1999. Optimization of mineral nutrition of plums. Modern problems of scientific support for the branches of "Horticulture and viticulture" on the threshold of the 21st century. Krasnodar, Russia, p. 47-50.
Shishov L. L., Tonkonogov V. D., Lebedeva I. I., Gerasimova M. I. 2004. Classification and diagnostics of Russian soils. Smolensk, Russia: Ecumene, 342 p. ISBN: 5935200449 (in Russia).
Simakin, A. I. 1969. Kuban agrochemical characteristics of black soil and fertilizer. Krasnodar. Russia, 278 p.
Upadyshev, G. Y., Upadyshev, M. T. 2014. Effectiveness of biological products at cultivation of plums. Prospects for the use of new forms of fertilizers, plant protection agents and growth regulators in agricultural technologies of agricultural crops. Moscow, Russia, p. 285-289. ISBN: 978-5-9238-0174-3
Upadysheva, G. Yu. 2015. Features of growth and production process in plum (Prunus domestica L.) during the formation of small-sized crowns. Methods and technologies in plant breeding and crop production: Kirov, Russia, p. 487-490.
Vetrova, O. A., Roeva T. A. 2019. Some ways to diagnose the optimal time of harvesting apples for juice production. Contemporary horticulture, vol. 3, p. 48-69. https://www.doi.org/10.24411/2312-6701-2019-10307
Voskresenskaya, O. L., Alyabysheva, E. A., Polovnikova M. G. 2006. A large workshop on bioecology. 1rd ed. Yoshar-Ola, Russia: Mari State University. 107 P.
Wan Yi-zhen, Sheng Bo-biao, Du Hui-fang et. all. 2003. Effect of compound fertilizers on growth physiology an fruit quality of nectarines and grapes. Xibei zhiwu xuebao. Acta Bot. Boreali-Occident. Sin., vol. 23, no.1, p. 34-38.
Yaroshenko, O. V., Sergeeva N. N. 2020. Methodological aspects of setting up a field experiment with fertilization in an orchard. Krasnodar, Russia: FSBSI “NCFSCHVW”, 34 p. ISBN 978-5-98272-137-2
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).