Comparative study of weaning pigs' muscle proteins using two-dimensional electrophoresis
Keywords:2-DE, muscle, protein, two-dimensional electrophoresis, pig, piglet
The proteostasis system of animals, including various types of protein modification during the growth stage, leads to an almost incomprehensible number of possible forms of protein, and each can regulate numerous functions. In the presented work, the composition of muscle tissue protein from different portions of piglets was studied to understand the main muscle protein formation. Comparative analysis of weaned piglets' main muscle protein from l. dorsi, biceps femoris, and brachiocephalicus were analyzed using two-dimensional electrophoresis. Changes in the staining intensity of protein fractions inherent in different muscles were revealed. As part of this work, candidate groups of pig muscle proteins have been selected. Eleven protein spots were revealed for the longest muscle of the back, and seven for the biceps; the muscles of the neck are characterized by indicators of low protein fraction volume. Among the proteins found, myosin light chains, phosphoglycerate mutase, troponins, and adenylate kinase is most likely present. The obtained results of protein identification in muscle tissues, obtained during the intensive growth period, will allow a more detailed understanding of protein regulation, function, and interactions in complex biological systems, which will subsequently be significantly important for biomonitoring health and predicting farm animals productivity.
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