Studies of chosen toxic elements concentration in multiflower bee honey
Keywords:honey, heavy metal, arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, zinc, accumulation
The aim of the study was to determine the bioaccumulation level of chosen toxic elements (Zn, Cu, Pb, As and Cd) in multiflower honey collected from Brzeg area. Biological material (honey) was mineralized using the microwave technique at an elevated pressure in the microprocessor station of pressure in the type Mars 5. Quantitative analysis of elements (As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) was performed by plasma spectrometry method using a Varian ICP-AES apparatus. The presence of toxic elements was determined in examined biological materials. The elements fallowed the fallowing decreasing order with respect to their content of honey: Zn>Cu>Pb>As>Cd. The average concentrations of studied elements observed in multi-flower honey were as follows: 6.24 mg.kg-1 of zinc, 2.75 mg.kg-1 of copper, 0.53, 0.071, 0.042 mg.kg-1of lead, arsenic and cadmium, respectively. Lead was the most problematic in bee honey because its average content exceeded the maximum acceptable concentration. Additionally, this metal concentration was 60% higher in studied samples than allowable standard of lead content.
CAROLI, S., FORTE, G., ALESSANDRELLI, M., CRESTI, R., SPAGNOLI, M., D'ILIO, S., PAUWELS, J., KRAMER, G. N. 2000. A pilot study for the production of a certified reference material for trace elements in honey. In Microchemical Journal, vol. 67, 2000, p. 227-233.
CONTI, M. E. 2000. Lazio region (Central Italy) honeys: A survey of mineral content and typical quality parameters. In Food Control, vol. 11, 2000, no. 6, p 459-463.
CONTI, M. E., BOTRÈ, F. 2001. Honeybees and their products as potential bioindicators of heavy metals contamination. In Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 69, 2001, p. 267-282.
FERNÁNDEZ-TORRES, R., PÉREZ-BERNAL, J. L., BELLO-LÓPEZ, M. A., CALLEJÓN-MOCHÓN, M., JIMÉNEZ-SÁNCHEZ, J. C., GUIRAÚM-PÉREZ, A. 2005. Mineral content and botanical origin of Spanish honeys. In Talanta, vol. 65, 2005, no. 3, p. 686-691.
FORTE, G., D'ILIO, S., CAROLI, S. 2001. Honey as a candidate reference material for trace elements. In Journal of AOAC International, vol. 84, 2001, no. 6, p. 1972-1975.
FRÍAS, I., RUBIO, C., GONZÁLEZ-IGLESIAS, T., GUTIÉRREZ, .J., GONZÁLEZ-WELLER, D., HARDISSON, A. 2008. “Metals in fresh honeys from Tenerife Island, Spain”. In Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 80, 2008, no. 1, p. 30-33.
JABŁOŃSKI, B., KOŁTOWSKI, Z., MARCINKOWSKI, J., RYBAK-CHMIELEWSKA, H., SZCZĘSNA, T., WARAKOMSKA, Z. 1995. Contamination of nectar, honey and pollen collected from roadside plants. In Pszczelnicze Zeszyty Naukowe, vol. 2, p. 129-144.
JONES, K. C. 1987. Honey as an indicator of heavy metal contamination. In Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 33, 1987, p. 179-189.
KABATA-PENDIAS, A., PENDIAS, H. 1999. Biogeochemia pierwiastków śladowych. PWN, Warszawa, p. 74-288.
PN-88/A-77626 Miód pszczeli, 1988. Dz.U. nr 8, position 19.
PRZYBYŁOWSKI, P., WILCZYŃSKA, A. 2001. Honey as an environmental marker. In Food Chemistry, vol. 74, 2001, p. 289-291.
ROMAN A. 1997. Bees and their products as pollution bioindicator in the copper (LGOM) and lime-cement (Opole) industry areas. In Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wrocławiu. Seria: Zootechnika., vol. 323, p. 175-193.
ROMAN A., 2009. Concentration of Chosen Trace Elements of Toxic Properties in Bee Pollen Loads. In Polish J. of. Environ. Stud., vol. 18, 2009, no. 2, p. 265-272.
ROMAN A., 2010. Level of Copper, Selenium, Lead, and Cadmium in Forager Bees. In Polish J. of. Environ. Stud., vol. 19, 2010, no. 3, p. 663-669.
ROMAN, A., DEMEŃCZUK, D. 2003. Reduction of trace element contents in honey material being processed into honey by the honey bee. In Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Krakowie. Seria: Ogrodnictwo., vol. 25, 2003, p. 19-30.
SODRÉ, G. D. S., MARCHINI, L. C., ZUCCHI, O. L. A. D., NASCIMENTO, FILHO, V. F., OTSUK, I. P., MORETI, A. C. D. C. C. 2007. Determination of chemical elements in africanized Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) honey samples from the State of Piauí, Brazil. In Quimica Nova, vol. 30, 2007, p. 920-924.
STANKOVSKA, E., STAFILOV, T., ŠAJN, R. 2008. Monitoring of trace elements in honey from the Republic of Macedonia by atomic absorption spectrometry. In Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 142, 2008, no. 1-3, p. 117-126.
TUZEN, M., SILICI, S., MENDIL, D., SOYLAK, M. 2007. Trace element levels in honeys from different regions of Turkey. In Food Chemistry, vol. 103, 2007, p. 325-330.
YAZGAN, S., HORN, H., ISENGARD, H. D., 2006. Honey as bio indicator by screening the heavy metal content of the environment. In Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau, vol. 102, 2006, p. 192-194.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).