Biological effect of magnetic field on the fermentation of wine
Keywords:wine, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, fermentation, magnetic field
AbstractDuring the transformation process of matter is produced energy, which afterwards interacts with matter itself, and other forms of energy. Energy induced electromagnetic appliances may affect the processes occurring in biological systems. In our study we have evaluated the wine fermentation process of the magnetic field with different amplitudes of electromagnetic induction, the constant exposure of 30 minutes a day for 10 days. The device for inducing magnetism was constructed at the Department of Fruit Growing, Viticulture and Enology at Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra for research purposes. Essence of the device lies in the way of the management of direct current, which flows through the coil. Volume of direct current is regulated by network auto-transformer. Output of network autotransformer is rectified by two-way bridge rectifier. The coil is powered by a direct current voltage pulse. This device has a maximum value of the magnetic induction at 150 mT. At full power it must be supplied from three-phase socket with a rated current of 32 A. For our experiment, we chose wine grape variety of Hibernal, from Nitra wine region. The magnetic field induced by the electromagnetic device has an impact on the process of fermentation and sensory characteristics of a young wine. As part of the sensory profile, we noticed higher levels of residual sugar and speed up of the fermentation process and the process of purifying of the young wine. The influence of magnetic field on grape juice during the entire fermentation process and production of wine is a convenient way to improve the quality of wine without side effects or any chemical additives.
Ailer, Š., Jedlička, J., Paulen, O. 2013. Biological effects of magnetic field on sensory profile and wine content (Biologické účinky magnetického poľa na senzorický profil a obsahové látky vína). Potravinarstvo, vol. 7, special no., p. 138-145. Available at: http://www.potravinarstvo.com/dokumenty/mc_march_2013/bezpecnost_potravin_rastlinneho_povodu/ailer.pdf
Anton-Leberre, V., Haanappel, E., Marsaud, N., Trouilh, L., Benbadis, L., Boucherie, H., Massou, S., François, J. M. 2009. Exposure to high static or pulsed magnetic fields does not affect cellular processes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 28-38.
Baby, S. M., Narayanaswamy, G. K., Anand, A. 2011. Superoxide radical production and performance index of Photosystem II in leaves from magnetoprimed soy bean seeds. Plant Signaling and Behavior, vol. 6, no. 11, p. 1635-1637. https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.11.17720
Belyavskaya, N. A. 2004. Biological effects due to weak magnetic field on plants. Advances in Space Research, vol. 34, no. 7, p. 1566-1574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2004.01.021
Bhardwaj, J., Anand, A., Nagarajan, S. 2012. Biochemical and biophysical changes associated with magnetopriming in germinating cucumber seeds. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, no. 57, p. 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2012.05.008
Blank, M. 1995. Na/K-Adenosine-Triphosphatase. Advances in Chemistry, vol. 250, p. 339-348. https://doi.org/10.1021/ba-1995-0250.ch019
Blank, M., Soo, I. 1998. Enhancement of cytochrome oxidase activity in 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, vol. 45, no. 2, 1998, p. 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0302-4598(98)00086-5
Byus, C. V., Kartun, K., Pieper, S., Adey, W. R. 1998. Increased omithine decarboxylase activity in Cultured cells exposed to low energy modulated microwave fields and phorbol ester tumor promoters. Cancer Research, vol 48, no. 15, p. 4222-4226.
Cabanová, Z. 2004. Biological effects of electromagnetic field (Biologické účinky elektromagnetického poľa). Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 24-29.
Dardeníz, A., Tayyar, S., Yalcin, S. 2006. Influence of low frequency electromagnetic field on the vegetative growth of grape. Journal Central European Agriculture, vol. 7, no. 3, p. 389.
Rakoczy, R., Konopacki, M., Fijalkowski, K. 2016. The influence of a ferrofluid in the presence of an external rotating magnetic field on the growth rate and cell metabolic activity of a wine yeast strain. Biochemical Engineering Journal, vol. 109, p. 43-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2016.01.002
Goodman, R., Blank, M. 1995. Biosynthetic stress response in cell sex posed to electromagnetic fields. Advances in Chemistry, vol. 250, p. 423-436. https://doi.org/10.1021/ba-1995-0250.ch023
Goodman, E. M., Greenebaum, B., Marron, M. T. 1995. Effects of electromagnetic fields on molecules and cells. International Review of Cytology, vol. 158, p. 238-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-7696(08)62489-4
Harmatha, J. 2009. The quality of wine from the aspect of a chemist and sommelier (Kvalitavína z pohledu chemika a sommeliéra). In Proceedings - Wine as a multicultural phenomenon (Víno jako multikulturní fenomén). Olomouc : Palacký University, Department of Philosophy, pp. 69-75.
Hong, F. T. 1995. Magnetic field effects on biomolecules, cells and living organisms. Biosystems, vol. 36, no. 3, p. 187-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/0303-2647(95)01555-Y
Horák, Z., Krupka, F. 1976. Fyzika. Příručka pro vysoké školy technického směru. 2nd ed. PRAHA : SNTL/ALFA. ISBN 04-011-76.
Jouni, F. J., Abdolmaleki, P., Ghanati, F. 2012. Oxidative stress in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) induced by static magnetic field undernatural radioactivity. Mutatation Research, vol. 741, no. 1-2, p. 116-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2011.11.003
Novák, J., Strašák, L., Fojt, L., Slaninová, I., Vetterl, V. 2005. Effects of low-frequency magnetic fields on the viability of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Bioelectrochemistry, vol. 70, no. 1, p. 115-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2006.03.029
Radhakrishnan, R., Kumari, B. D. R. 2012. Pulsed magnetic field: a contemporary approach offers to enhance plant growth and yield of soy bean. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 51, p. 139-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.10.017
Radhakrishnan, R., Kumari, B. D. R. 2013. Influence of pulsed magnetic field on soy bean (Glycine max L.) seed germination, seed ling growth and soil microbial population. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 50, no. 4, p. 312-317.
Serdyukov, Y., Novitskii, Y. I. 2013. Impact of weak permanent magnetic field on antioxidant enzyme activities in radish seed lings. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 60, no. 1, p. 69-76. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443713010068
Shine, M., Guruprasad, K., Anand, A. 2012. Effect of stationary magnetic field strengths of 150 and 200 mT on reactive oxygen species production in soybean. Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 33, no. 5, p. 428-437. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.21702 PMid:22253132
Xia, L., Guo, J. 2000. Effect of magnetic field on peroxidase activation and isozyme in Leymus chinensis. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, no. 11, no. 5, p. 699-702.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).