Food consumption patterns and child stunting in the lowland region


  • Ahmad Suhaimi Amuntai College of Agricultural Sciences, Agribusiness Study Program, Bihman Villa street 123, 71416 North Hulu Sungai District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, Tel.: +62 82153122828
  • Helda Syahfari 17 Augustus 1945 University, Faculty of Agriculture, Ir. H. Juanda Street 80, 75123 Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, Tel.: +62 811580862
  • Syamad Ramayana Mulawarman University, Faculty of Agriculture, Kuaro street, 75119 Samarinda, East Kalimantan East, Indonesia, Tel.: +62 81350261143
  • Azwar Saihani Amuntai College of Agricultural Sciences, Agribusiness Study Program, Bihman Villa street 123, 71416 Hulu Sungai Utara District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, Tel.: +628125043807
  • Rum Van Royensyah Amuntai College of Agricultural Sciences, Agribusiness Study Program, Bihman Villa street 123, 71416 Hulu Sungai Utara District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, Tel.: +6285391670013



food consumption pattern, toddler, stunting, lowland


Stunting in children under five is a public health problem in Indonesia, especially in lowland areas related to food consumption patterns. This study aims to determine the relationship between food consumption patterns and the incidence of toddler stunting in lowland areas in the Province of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. This type of research is quantitative descriptive, and the sample study amounted to 166 toddlers 12-59 months. The instrument used was a threaded form of the expected food pattern score (DDP) and a 24-hour food recall to determine the diversity of food consumption for toddlers. To determine the relationship between food consumption patterns and stunting, Chi-Square analysis (α = 0.05) was used. The results showed that the average actual energy of under five was quite diverse, with a DDP score of 76.4. The average energy consumed by toddlers at 1296.4 kcal/cap/day. The highest food groups consumed by toddlers are grains at 740.3 kcal/cap/day, and the lowest oily seeds fruit food group at 7.8 kcal/cap/day. Based on the analysis of Chi-Square shows the results of 21.715 and p-value = 0.000 (α = 0.05), then α > p-value indicates a link between food consumption patterns in toddlers with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in lowlands.


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How to Cite

Suhaimi, A., Syahfari, H., Ramayana, S., Saihani, A., & Royensyah, R. V. (2022). Food consumption patterns and child stunting in the lowland region. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 16, 790–799.