The yield of adipose tissue and by-products in the course of the slaughter of inbred and outbred bulls of the Ukrainian beef breed

Authors

  • Anatolii Ugnivenko the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, Department of Milk and Meat Production Technologies, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-82-32
  • Nataliia Kos , the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, Department of Milk and Meat Production Technologies, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-82-32
  • Dmytro Nosevych National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukrainethe National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, Department of Milk and Meat Production Technologies, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-82-32 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2495-2084
  • Mikhailo Mushtruk the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine Tel.: +38(098)9412606 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3646-1226
  • Natalia Slobodyanyuk the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of technology of meat, fish and marine products, Polkovnyka Potekhina, str. 16, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(098)2768508
  • Yuriy Zasukha Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Faculty of Biotechnological, Department of Technology of Poultry Breeding and Pig Breeding Products Production, pl. 8/1 Soborna, Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region, 09117, Ukraine, Tel./fax: +38 04563 52587 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5470-8501
  • Volodymyr Otchenashko the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, P. D. Pshenychnyy Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Heneral Rodimtsev Str., 19, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-85-55 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-9340
  • Ivan Chumachenko the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, Department of Milk and Meat Production Technologies, Heroes of Defense Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-82-32
  • Sergii Gryshchenko the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Livestock Raising and Water Bioresources, Department of Technologies in Poultry, Pig and Sheep Breeding, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-89-65
  • Olha Snizhko the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty food technologies and quality management of products of agricultural products, Technologies of Meat, Fish and Marine Products, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 12b, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(044)527-82-32 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1405-884X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1758

Keywords:

inbreeding, outbreeding, internal organs, adipose tissue, bulls

Abstract

The research focuses on analysing and generalising the distribution of internal adipose tissue and organs that are not part of the carcasses of inbred and outbred bulls of the Ukrainian beef breed. Animal stock inbreeding was determined based on five breeding records according to Wright’s method modified by Kyslovskyi. Two experimental groups of 5 bulls were formed. The average inbreeding coefficient for inbred bulls was 3.43%. Animals were bred up to 18 months of age. Following slaughter, the mass and the yield of the head, liver, lungs, heart, kidneys, and brain were determined, and 4 types of fat were separated and weighed: perirenal, from the stomach, intestines, and pericardial. Inbred animals are more prone to the accretion of internal adipose tissue. Inbred bulls have 1.8 points more of it. Fat is more intensely accumulated around inbred bulls' multichambered stomachs and kidneys. Intensive fat accumulation was observed around the hearts and intestines of outbred bulls. Adipose tissue around the heart and intestines is more variable in inbred and outbred animals – from the forestomach and kidneys. The weight of inbred bulls’ liver is less by 22.4%, kidneys – by 62.5%, heart – by 11.1%, and head – by 23.8% compared to outbred ones. The weight of their lungs is more by 10.5%. At the same time, inbred bulls tend to have brain weight gain of 12.5% and testicles – by 8.3%. Thus, inbreeding application in Ukrainian beef breeds with a small population size affects the growth of internal organs and the intensity of accumulation and distribution of interior fat. Due to more intensive accumulation of internal adipose tissue, inbred bulls have increased expenditure of forage energy for its formation. They are characterized by an increased yield of low-value raw fat, making them less efficient than outbred bulls for beef production.     

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2022-07-04

How to Cite

Ugnivenko, A., Kos, N., Nosevych, D., Mushtruk, M., Slobodyanyuk, N., Zasukha, Y., Otchenashko, V., Chumachenko, I., Gryshchenko, S., & Snizhko, O. (2022). The yield of adipose tissue and by-products in the course of the slaughter of inbred and outbred bulls of the Ukrainian beef breed. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 16, 307–319. https://doi.org/10.5219/1758

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