Nutrition of older adults in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords:balanced nutrition, older person, questionnaire, aging, herodietic product
This article discusses a study on the nutrition specifics of older adults living in social service institutions in three major cities of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Nur-Sultan, Almaty, and Shymkent. The direction of the research meets the priorities of the World Health Organization to achieve goals on aging and health. The diets of older adults in the Republic of Kazakhstan were studied, food preferences were identified, and needs for basic nutrients were established. This article presents the results of sociological surveys of older adults who answered questions about nutrition, preferred foods, raw materials, and meat products. Based on the survey results, technologies of herodietic meat products aimed at enriching the diet with proteins were developed, along with practical recommendations for a balanced diet. This area of research is relevant due to the lack of products with a herodietic profile on the Kazakhstan market.
The message of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan "Strategy "Kazakhstan-2050": a new political course of the established state".
Program for the development of the Agro-industrial complex in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2013-2020 (2013): Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated February 18, No.151.
Akhmedyarova M.V., Baymukhamedova G.S. (2013). Life expectancy and factors determining it. Problems of Law and Economics. In Kostanay: KSTU, No. 4.
Glushanko V.S., Timofeeva A.P., Gerberg A.A., Shefiev R.Sh. (2017). Healthy lifestyle and its components: studies.- method. In Vitebsk: VSMU, pр.301.
State Program of healthcare development of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020-2025 Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 26, 2019 No. 982.
Andreenko L.G., Antipova T.A., Simonenko S.V. (2007). Nutrition issues of the elderly / L.G.Andreenko,. M.: Printing House of the Russian Agricultural Academy, pр.275.
Bryatsun, E.Yu. (2003). Development of the technology of a meat-growing product for herodietic nutrition: dissertation theses. Candidate of Technical Sciences: 05.18.04. рp.135.
Grigorov Yu.G. (1997). The influence of changes in nutrition on the adaptive capabilities of metabolism and body functions during aging. Modern problems of gerontology and geriatrics. Tbilisi, pр. 152–154.
Zaporozhskiy A.A. (2009). Implementation of the principles of food combinatorics and justification of new biotechnological solutions in the technology of products of herodietic purpose: dissertation theses. Doctor of Technical Sciences: 05.18.04, pр. 231.
Orlov K.V. (2017). The gender and age structure of the population of Kazakhstan until 2050 and its potential impact on the country's economy. Economic Review of the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan. -No.2, pр.31–50.
World Population Aging (2017). Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/397. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.
Prince, M. J., Wu, F., Guo, Y., Gutierrez Robledo, L. M., O’Donnell, M., Sullivan, R., & Yusuf, S. (2015). The burden of disease in older people and implications for health policy and practice. In The Lancet (Vol. 385, Issue 9967, pp. 549–562). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(14)61347-7
Kasyanov G.I., Zaporozhskiy A.A., Yudina S.B. (2001). Food technology for elderly and elderly people, Rostov on Don : Publishing Center "March", pр.187.
Grigorov Yu.G. (2002). The state of nutrition of older people. Journal. Akad. med.Sciences of Ukraine, 8, № 4, pp. 703–715.
Pogozheva A. (2015). Eat, drink, get younger. Unique principles of herodietics – healthy nutrition in old age. - Moscow: AST Publishing House, pр.224.
Dalenov E.D. (2016). Medical and socio-organizational foundations of life extension and quality of life. Collection of materials of the International Scientific Conference. Elderly people in the Eurasian space, Almaty, pp.74–82.
Abikulova A.K., Eshmanova A.K., Tuleuova D.Zh. (2013). Formation and assessment of the importance of demographic indicators as the basis of the state's social policy in relation to older persons of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In Gerontology, Medicine (Vol. 12).
Kulzhanov M.K., Yegeubaeva S.A. (2007). Healthy Agеing Initiatives Initiatives in Kazakhstan. Book of Abstracts. The 29-th ASPHER Annual Conference. Valencia: Spain, рp. 68.
Aringazina A.M., Egeubaeva S.A., Balabaev T.F. (2009). Assessment of the impact of factors shaping the health of the population. Topical issues of healthy lifestyle formation. In Prevention of diseases and health promotion (Vol. 2, pp. 44–47).
Anisimov V.N., Krutko V.N. (2006). Fundamental problems of studying life expectancy. In Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Vol. 66, Issue 6, рp.507). Russian Academy of Sciences.
Tarantula V.Z. (2009). Explanatory biotechnological dictionary. Russian-English. Languages of Slavic cultures, Moscow, рp.177.
Pirlich, M., & Lochs, H. (2001). Nutrition in the elderly. In Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology (Vol. 15, Issue 6, pp. 869–884). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1053/bega.2001.0246 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/bega.2001.0246
Leslie, W., & Hankey, C. (2015). Aging, Nutritional Status and Health. In Healthcare (Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 648–658). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare3030648 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare3030648
Kenkmann, A., Price, G. M., Bolton, J., & Hooper, L. (2010). Health, wellbeing and nutritional status of older people living in UK care homes: an exploratory evaluation of changes in food and drink provision. In BMC Geriatrics (Vol. 10, Issue 1). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-10-28 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-10-28
Haboubi, N. (2010). Assessment and management of nutrition in older people and its importance to health. In Clinical Interventions in Aging (p. 207). Informa UK Limited. https://doi.org/10.2147/cia.s9664 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S9664
Political Declaration and Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging (2002). Second World Assembly on Aging, Madrid, Spain, United Nations.
Older people and functional foods (2010). Report of International Longevity Centre-UK, November.
Davis A. (2010). Feel good! Treatment with proper nutrition. Translated from English - M.: FAIR Press, pр.448.
Kiefer I., Bernhard G. (2001). All about calories: The ABC of nutrition. Trans. from German. Moscow: Raduga, рp. 224.
Mazurkevich S.A. (2001). Encyclopedia of delusions: Nutrition. M.: EKSMO-Press, pр.400.
Selezneva L.M. (2001). Proper nutrition for heart diseases. St. Petersburg: Dilya, pр. 224.
Semenova N. (2001). Separate food kitchen. Moscow: St. Petersburg, Dilya, pр. 256.
Tayeva, A., Satayeva, Z., Baibolova, L., Bulambayeva, A., & Kuzembayeva, G. (2020). Development of Technology for Obtaining Protein Hydrolysate from Camel Offal using Enzymatic Hydrolysis. In OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences (Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 284–290). Science Publications. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2020.284.290 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2020.284.290
WHO Fact sheet. (2019). Better nutrition in Kazakhstan: A key to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
Aslanova M.A., Dydykin A.S. (2017). Specialized products for herodietic nutrition. In Journal Meat technologies (Vol. 7, рp. 22–24). Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology.
Abdi, H. and Williams, L.J. (2010) Principal Component Analysis. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics, 2, 433-459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wics.101 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/wics.101
Ellia M. (2003). Screening for Malnutrition. A multidisciplinary Responsibility. In Development and use of the ‘Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool’ (‘MUST’) for Adults. British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.
Ek, A.-C., Unosson, M., Larsson, J., Ganowiak, W., & Bjurulf, P. (1996). Interrater Variability and Validity in Subjective Nutritional Assessment of Elderly Patients. In Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences (Vol. 10, Issue 3, pp. 163–168). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.1996.tb00330.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.1996.tb00330.x
Vellas, B., Guigoz, Y., Garry, P. J., Nourhashemi, F., Bennahum, D., Lauque, S., & Albarede, J.-L. (1999). The mini nutritional assessment (MNA) and its use in grading the nutritional state of elderly patients. In Nutrition (Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 116–122). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0899-9007(98)00171-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0899-9007(98)00171-3
Jyvakorpi S. (2016). Nutrition of older people and the effect of nutritional interventions on nutrient intake, diet quality, and quality of life. Academic dissertation. Helsinki.
Taeva A.M., Kuznetsova O.A., Sataeva Zh.I., Topalova D.B. (2019). On the issue of healthy nutrition of elderly people in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Bulletin of the East Siberian State University of Technology and Management. In Scientific and Technical Journal (Vol. 4, Issue 75, pp. 11–17). Ulan-Ude, Publishing House of VSGUT.
Gruver, A., Hudson, L., & Sempowski, G. (2007). Immunosenescence of ageing. In The Journal of Pathology (Vol. 211, Issue 2, pp. 144–156). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/path.2104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/path.2104
Kumar, M., Babaei, P., Ji, B., & Nielsen, J. (2016). Human gut microbiota and healthy aging: Recent developments and future prospective. In Nutrition and Healthy Aging (Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 3–16). IOS Press. https://doi.org/10.3233/nha-150002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/NHA-150002
Amarya, S., Singh, K., & Sabharwal, M. (2015). Changes during aging and their association with malnutrition. In Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. 78–84). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcgg.2015.05.003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcgg.2015.05.003
Jyvakorpi, S. (2016). Nutrition of older people and the effect of nutritional interventions on nutrient intake, diet quality, and quality of life. Academic dissertation. Helsinki.
Prince, M. J., Wu, F., Guo, Y., Gutierrez Robledo, L. M., O’Donnell, M., Sullivan, R., & Yusuf, S. (2015). The burden of disease in older people and implications for health policy and practice. In The Lancet (Vol. 385, Issue 9967, pp. 549–562). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(14)61347-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61347-7
Political Declaration and Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging. (2002). Second World Assembly on Aging, Madrid, Spain 8-12 April 2002. United Nations. New York.
Wolfe, R. R., Miller, S. L., & Miller, K. B. (2008). Optimal protein intake in the elderly. In Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 27, Issue 5, pp. 675–684). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2008.06.008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2008.06.008
Csapó, J., Albert, Cs., & Prokisch, J. (2017). The role of vitamins in the diet of the elderly I. Fat-soluble vitamins. In Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria (Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 127–145). Walter de Gruyter GmbH. https://doi.org/10.1515/ausal-2017-0009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ausal-2017-0009
Turconi, G., Rossi, M., Roggi, C., & Maccarini, L. (2012). Nutritional status, dietary habits, nutritional knowledge and self-care assessment in a group of older adults attending community centres in Pavia, Northern Italy. In Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics (Vol. 26, Issue 1, pp. 48–55). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277x.2012.01289.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2012.01289.x
Beasley, J. M., Shikany, J. M., & Thomson, C. A. (2013). The Role of Dietary Protein Intake in the Prevention of Sarcopenia of Aging. In Nutrition in Clinical Practice (Vol. 28, Issue 6, pp. 684–690). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1177/0884533613507607 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0884533613507607
Shock, N. W. (1982). The role of nutrition in aging. In Journal of the American College of Nutrition (Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 3–9). Informa UK Limited. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.1982.10718072 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.1982.10718072
Leaker, S. H. (2013). The role of nutrition in preventing pressure ulcers. In Nursing Standard (Vol. 28, Issue 7, pp. 66–70). RCN Publishing Ltd. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2013.10.28.7.66.e7855 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2013.10.28.7.66.e7855
Malta, M. B., Papini, S. J., & Corrente, J. E. (2013). Avaliação da alimentação de idosos de município paulista: aplicação do Índice de Alimentação Saudável. In Ciência & Saúde Coletiva (Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 377–384). FapUNIFESP (SciELO). https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-81232013000200009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232013000200009
Ellia M. (2003). Screening for Malnutrition. A multidisciplinary Responsibility. Development and use of the ‘Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool’ (‘MUST’) for Adults. British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.
Kimura, M., Moriyasu, A., Kumagai, S., Furuna, T., Akita, S., Kimura, S., & Suzuki, T. (2013). Community-based intervention to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among older adults: a cluster randomized trial. In BMC Geriatrics (Vol. 13, Issue 1). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-13-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-13-8
Simar, D., Malatesta, D., Mas, E., Delage, M., & Caillaud, C. (2011). Effect of an 8-weeks aerobic training program in elderly on oxidative stress and Hsp72 expression in leukocytes during antioxidant supplementation. In The journal of nutrition, health & aging (Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 155–161). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-011-0106-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-011-0106-5
Gariballa, S., & Forster, S. (2007). Effects of dietary supplements on depressive symptoms in older patients: A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. In Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 26, Issue 5, pp. 545–551). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2007.06.007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2007.06.007
McCormack, W. P., Stout, J. R., Emerson, N. S., Scanlon, T. C., Warren, A. M., Wells, A. J., Gonzalez, A. M., Mangine, G. T., Robinson, E. H., IV, Fragala, M. S., & Hoffman, J. R. (2013). Oral nutritional supplement fortified with beta-alanine improves physical working capacity in older adults: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. In Experimental Gerontology (Vol. 48, Issue 9, pp. 933–939). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2013.06.003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2013.06.003
Allen, V. J., Methven, L., & Gosney, M. A. (2011). PP045-MON Ability Of Older Adults To Perform Grip Strength Tests To Determine Nutritional Status. In Clinical Nutrition Supplements (Vol. 6, Issue 1, pp. 131–132). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1744-1161(11)70337-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1744-1161(11)70337-4
Peshuk L.V., Budnyk N. V., & Halenko. Gerodietic Meat Products Technology Enriched with Calcium and Phosphorus. Food and Environment Safety - Journal of Faculty of Food Engineering ŞtefancelMareUniversity – Suceava, Volume X, Issue 4 - 2011.
Whitelock, E., & Ensaff, H. (2018). On Your Own: Older Adults’ Food Choice and Dietary Habits. In Nutrients (Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 413). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040413
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).