Increasing the return on equity by financial leverage in sugar beet farms in Slovakia


  • Tomáš Rábek Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Tr. Andreja Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421 37 641 4140
  • Andrea Boháčiková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Tr. Andreja Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421 37 641 4195
  • Ivan Holúbek Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Tr. Andreja Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421 37 641 4146
  • Zuzana Strápeková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Tr. Andreja Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421 37 641 4140



farm, sugar beet, profitability, indebtedness, financial leverage


The paper evaluates and analyses selected financial ratios of a set of farms in Slovakia in 2017. The farms are divided into two groups (sugar beet producers and sugar beet non-producers). The data used for the analysis were obtained from the National Bank of Slovakia (NBS) over the period 2009 – 2017 and the database of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Slovak Republic (MARD SR). Farmers generally achieve a low level of return on equity. In the paper, we analyze the development of interest rates and measure the potential effect of financial leverage, which can increase the profitability (return on equity) of the farms. Moreover, we test the statistically significant difference of selected ratios between the group of producers and non-producers of sugar beet in Slovakia. In 2017, the return on equity of sugar beet producers in Slovakia reached lower results in comparison to sugar beet non-producers. The differences in return on equity are explained by the lower level of equity per ha and thus higher indebtedness of non-producers of sugar beet.


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How to Cite

Rábek, T., Boháčiková, A., Holúbek, I., & Strápeková, Z. (2021). Increasing the return on equity by financial leverage in sugar beet farms in Slovakia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 536–545.