The evaluation of extraction of some nut oils using screw pressing
Keywords:pressing time, oil yield, sediment yield, Soxhlet extraction, cake oil residue
Today's consumers prefer low-sugar, low-calorie, natural, and so-called safe products. These trends are also reflected in nuts products and groceries. Globally, the European Union is the largest importing market of edible nuts. Considering the increasing demand for new sources of food, the importance becomes the efficiency of production. This study evaluates the influence of rotation speed in the extraction of almond nut, walnut, hazelnut, cashew nut, and peanut oils using screw pressing. In tested samples, the oil content was on average between 69.14 ±0.79% (walnut) and 46.7 ±1.45% (peanut). From the pressing of oils, it is seen that the oil yield decreased when pressing speed increased (from 30 rpm to 90 rpm, for example in walnut from 0.36 kg to 0.16 kg.h-1) and that the oil sediment yield increased when speed increased (for example in hazelnut nut from 8.51% to 17.37%). The highest amount of oil yields had hazelnut with 3.03 ±0.05 kg.h-1, then walnut with 2.05 ±0.02 kg.h-1, almond nut with 2.34 ±0.05 kg.h-1, peanut with 2.15 ±0.01 kg.h-1, and finally cashew nut with
2.07 ±0.03 kg.h-1.
Acheheb, H., Aliouane, R., Ferradji, A. 2012. Optimization of Oil Extraction from Pistacia atlantica Desf. Seeds Using Hydraulic Press. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 73-82. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajar.2012.73.82
Al Juhaimi, F., Özcan, M. M., Ghafoor, K., Babiker E. E., Hussain, S. 2018. Comparison of cold-pressing and soxhlet extraction systems for bioactive compounds, antioxidant properties, polyphenols, fatty acids and tocopherols in eight nut oils. Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 55, no. 8, p. 3163-3173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-018-3244-5
Alonge, A. F., Olaniyan A. M. 2006. The Effects of Dilution Volume, Water Temperature and Pressing Time on Oil Yield from Thevetia Kernel during Extraction. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, vol. 37, no. 2, p. 81-83.
Alonge, A. F., Olaniyan, A., Oje, K., Agbaje, C. 2003. Effect of Dilution Ratio, Water Temperature and Pressing Time on Oil Yield from Groundnut Oil Expressing. Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 40, no. 6, p. 652-655.
Alves, J. D. S., Confortin, T. C., Todero, I., Rodrigues, A. S., Ribeiro, S. R., Boeira, C. P., Wagner, R., Mazutti, M. A., Da Rosa, C. S. 2019. Simultaneous extraction of oil and bioactive compounds from pecan nut using pressurized solvents. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 153, 8 p. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2019.104598
Bhuiya, M. M. K., Rasul, M., Khan, M., Ashwath, N., Mofijur, M. 2020. Comparison of oil extraction between screw press and solvent (n-hexane) extraction technique from beauty leaf (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) feedstock. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 144, 13 p. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.112024
CBI. 2018. Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing countries. Exporting edible nuts and dried fruits to Europe. Available at: https://www.cbi.eu/market-information/processed-fruit-vegetables-edible-nuts/edible-nuts-dried-fruits/europe/#
Chapuis, A., Blin, J., Carré, P., Lecomte, D. 2014. Separation efficiency and energy consumption of oil expression using a screw-press: The case of Jatropha curcas L. seeds. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 52, p. 752-761. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.11.046
Christopoulos, M. V., Tsantili, E. 2015. Oil composition in stored walnut cultivars-quality and nutritional value. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol. 117, no. 3, p. 338-348. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201400082
CSN EN ISO 665 (461025). 2001. Oilseeds - Determination of moisture and volatile matter content. Czech Standards Institute.
Ebrahem, K. S., Richardson, D. G., Tetley, R. M., Mehlenbacher, S. A. 1994. Oil content, fatty acid composition, and vitamin E concentration of 17 hazelnut varieties, compared to other types of nuts and oil seeds. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 351, no. 76, p. 685-692. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.351.76
FAOSTAT. 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Data. Available at: https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data
Fernandes, G. D., Gómez-Coca, R. B., Pérez-Camino, M. C., Moreda, W., Barrera-Arellano, D. 2017. Chemical Characterization of Major and Minor Compounds of Nut Oils: Almond, Hazelnut, and Pecan Nut. Journal of Chemistry, vol. 5, no. 1, 11 p. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2609549
Gharibzahedi, S. M. T., Mousavi, S. M., Hamedi, M., Rezaei, K., Khodaiyan, F. 2013. Evaluation of physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of Persian walnut oil obtained by several extraction methods. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 45, p. 133-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.11.040
Gong, Y., Pegg, R. B. 2015. Tree nut oils: Properties and processing for use in food. In Talbot, G. Specialty Oils and Fats in Food and Nutrition. Cambridge, UK : Woodhead Publishing, p. 65-86. ISBN 978-1-78242-376-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78242-376-8.00003-X
Grosso, N. R., Zygadlo, J. A., Burroni, L. V., Guzmán, C. A. 1997. Fatty acid, sterol and proximate compositions of peanut species (Arachis L.) seeds from Bolivia and Argentina. Grasas y Aceites, vol. 48, no. 4, p. 219-225. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1997.v48.i4.792
Jokić, S., Moslavac, T., Aladić, K., Bilić, M., Ačkar, D., Šubarić, D. 2016. Hazelnut oil production using pressing and supercritical CO2 extraction. Hemijska Industrija, vol. 70, no. 4, p. 359-366. https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND150428043J
Karaj, S. Müller, J. 2011. Optimizing mechanical oil extraction of Jatropha curcas L. seeds with respect to press capacity, oil recovery and energy efficiency. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 34, no 1, p. 1010-1016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.03.009
Kendall, C. W. C., Esfahani, A., Josse, A. R., Augustin, L. S. A., Vidgen, E., Jenkins, D. J. A. 2011. The glycemic effect of nut-enriched meals in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 21, p. S34-S39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2011.03.013
Kornsteiner-Krenn, M., Wagner, K. H., Elmadfa, I. 2013. Phytosterol Content and Fatty Acid Pattern of Ten Different Nut Types. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, vol. 83, no. 5, p. 263-270. https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000168
Labuckas, D., Maestri, D., Lamarque, A. 2014. Effect of different oil extraction methods on proximate composition and protein characteristics of walnut (Juglans regia L.) flour. LWT-Food Science and Technology, vol. 59, no. 2, p. 794-799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2014.06.038
Nader, J., Afif, C., Louka, N. 2016. Color and texture of low-calorie peanuts as affected by a new oil extraction process named "Mechanical Expression Preserving Shape Integrity" (MEPSI). Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 53, no. 3, p. 1649-1662. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-2081-z
Poggetti, L., Ferfuia, C., Chiabá, C., Testolin, R., Baldini, M. 2018. Kernel oil content and oil composition in walnut (Juglans regia L.) accessions from North Eastern Italy. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 98, no. 3, p. 955-962. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8542
Prats, M. S. 2000. Caracterización quimiométrica de diez variedades de almendra cultivadas en diferentes localidades. PhD dissertation, Alicante, Spain : Universidad de alicante. 370 p.
Rabadán, A., Pardo, J. E., Gómez, R., Álvarez-Ortí, M. 2018. Influence of temperature in the extraction of nut oils by means of screw pressing. LWT, vol. 93, p. 354-361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2018.03.061
Rombaut, N., Savoire, R., Thomasset, B., Castello, J., Van Hecke, E., Lanoisellé, J. L. 2015. Optimization of oil yield and oil total phenolic content during grape seed cold screw pressing. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 63, p. 26-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.10.001
Roncero, J. M., Álvarez-Ortí, M., Pardo-Giménez, A., Gómez, R., Rabadán, A., Pardo, J. E. 2016. Virgin almond oil: Extraction methods and composition. Grasas y Aceites, International Journal of Fats and Oils, vol. 67, no. 3, e143. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0993152
Roy, K., Mukherjee, A., Jana, D. K. 2019. Prediction of maximum oil-yield from almond seed in a chemical industry: A novel type-2 fuzzy logic approach. South African Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 29, p. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajce.2019.03.001
Savoire, R., Lanoisellé, J. L., Vorobiev, E. 2013. Mechanical Continuous Oil Expression from Oilseeds: A Review. Food and Bioprocess Technology, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-012-0947-x
Sena-Moreno, E., Pardo, J. E., Pardo-Giménez, A., Gómez, R., Alvarez-Ortí, M. 2016. Differences in Oils from Nuts Extracted by Means of Two Pressure Systems. International Journal of Food Properties, vol. 19, no. 12, p. 2750-2760. https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2016.1144068
Singh, J., Bargale, P. C. 2000. Development of a small capacity double stage compression screw press for oil expression. Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 43, no. 2, p. 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0260-8774(99)00134-X
Teh, S. S., Birch, J. 2013. Physicochemical and quality characteristics of cold-pressed hemp, flax and canola seed oils. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 26-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2013.01.004
Tungmunnithum, D., Elamrani, A., Abid, M., Drouet, S., Kiani, R., Garros, L., Kabra, A., Addi, M., Hano, C. 2020. A Quick, Green and Simple Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction for the Valorization of Antioxidant Phenolic Acids from Moroccan Almond Cold-Pressed Oil Residues. Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no. 9, 20 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093313
WCO HS 0802. 2017. Other nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled. World Customs Organization.
Xu, Y. X., Hanna, M. A., Josiah, S. J. 2007. Hybrid hazelnut oil characteristics and its potential oleochemical application. Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 26, no. 1, p. 69-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2007.01.009
Zanqui, A. B., Silva, C. M., Ressutte, J. B. Rotta, E. M., Cardozo‐Filho, L., Matsushita, M. 2020. Cashew nut oil extracted with compressed propane under different experimental conditions: Evaluation of lipid composition. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, vol, 44, no. 8, p. e14599. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.14599
How to Cite
This license permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.