Nutritional and biological value of pork obtained from animals fed with lysine and methionine
Keywords:lysine, methionine with cystine, gilts, live weight, rations
The article presents material on the effect of the amino acids lysine and methionine in pig diets. Studies have been carried out to increase the live weight of animals, depending on the content of these amino acids in the diet when fattening up to 100 and 120 kg. Presented research results obtained during testing in certified and accredited laboratories. When growing gilts to live weight from 30 to 50 kg, a deficiency in the level of lysine was found, which reaches up to 29.6%, and methionine with cystine up to 23.1%. When growing animals from 81 to 120 kg of live weight, the lysine deficiency is 14.9%, and methionine with cystine is 8,8%. This necessitated balancing the diet of animals to the required level of amino acid content. The most effective on the growth and development of animals, as well as on indicators of pork quality, was the introduction of feed lysine in combination with methionine in pig diets.
Alikaev, V. L., Petukhov, E. A., Goleneva, L. D. Vidova, F. R. 1967. Manual control of feed quality and nutritional value of animal feed. Moskva, Russia : Kolos, 424 p.
Belous, A. A., Sermyagin, A. A., Kostyunina, O. V., Trebunskikh, E. A., Zinoviev, N. A. 2018. Genetic and paratypic factors characterizing the efficiency of feed use in duroc pigs. Agricultural Biology, vol. 53, no. 4, p. 712-722. https://doi.org/10.15389/agrobiology.2018.4.712rus DOI: https://doi.org/10.15389/agrobiology.2018.4.712eng
Komlatsky, G. V. 2012. Production of environmentally friendly pork. Pig Breeding, vol. 4, p. 74-76.
Kukushkin, I. Y., Filatov, A. S. 2011. Meat quality of young pigs of different breeds. Izvestia Nizhnevolzhskogo Agro-University Complex. vol. 2, no. 22, p. 150-154.
Kulintsev, V. V. 2011. The effect of balanced diets on essential amino acids on the productivity of young pigs. Achievements of science and technology of the agro-industrial complex. vol. 2, p. 39-40.
Kumar, A., Bhar, R., Mandal, A. B., Mendiratta, S. K. 2012. Effect of low protein diets and lysine supplementation on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing pigs. African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 11, no. 57, p. 12128-12134. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.1024 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.1024
Mysik, A. T. 2008. The current state of production and consumption of livestock products in the world. Zootechnics, vol. 1, p. 41-44.
Nikonkov, D. L., Reznichenko, A. A., Denisova, N. A., Syrovitsky, V. A. 2015. Effective protein and vitamin supplements in pig farming. Modern problems of science and education, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 7.
Sanchez, A. 2012. Biotech Hygen Pro. Pig Farming, vol. 1, p. 37.
Sazonov, M. 2013. The time has Come for the Russian prestarters. Animal Husbandry Of Russia, vol. 2. p. 52-53.
Shkatov, M. 2013. Molasses in feed for pigs. Animal husbandry of Russia, vol. 4, p. 19-20.
Smith, J. W. II., O'Quinn, P. R., Goodband, R. D., Tokach, M. D., Nelssen, J. L. 1999. The effects of low-protein, amino acid fortified diets, formulated on a net energy basis, on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Journal of Applied Animal Research, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 1-16, https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.1999.9706225 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.1999.9706225
Strekozov, N. I., Chinarov, A. V. 2012. Our vision of the development of meat farming in Russia until 2020. Achievements of science and technology of the agro-industrial complex, vol. 8, p. 3-4.
Turyansky, A. 2003. Pig Breeding-a promising industry Economics of agriculture of Russia, vol. 6., p. 7.
Varley, M. A. 2012. Pig Progress alternative growthpromotion special. Alternatives to ATB. Asian perspective, vol. 36, no. 1, p. 14-15.
Zimina, T. 2012. Feed industry: challenges of time. Animal husbandry of Russia, vol. 4, p. 13. https://doi.org/10.1201/b11468-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/b11468-3
Ryadchikov, V. G. 2006. Norms and rations for feeding farm animals, methodology, errors, prospects. J. Agricultural biology of Russia, vol. 4, p. 68-81.
Ryadchikov V., Omarov M., Polezhaev S. 2010. Ideal protein in the diets of pigs and birds. Animal Husbandry of Russia, vol. 2, p. 49-51.
Omarov, M., Golovko E., Morozov N., Kashirina M. 2007. Balancing the diet on protein. Feeding of Farm Animals and Feed Production of Russia, vol. 6, p. 42-44.
Omarov M. O., Taranenko O. A., Golovko E. H. 2010. Ways to improve protein conversion of cake and meal. Effective Aanimal Husbandry of Russia, vol. 3, p. 25.
Niyazov, N. S.-A., Rodionova O. N. 2019. Productivity of meat-type pigs at different levels in the diet of raw protein, metabolic energy and limiting amino acids. Problems of Productive Animal Biology of Russia, vol. 2, p. 78-88. http://doi.org/10.25687/1996-6733.prodanimbiol.2019.2.78-88
Ettle T., Roth-Maier, D. A., Bartelt J., Roth F. X. 2004. Requirement of true ileal digestible threonine of growing and finishing pigs. J. Anim. Physiol. and Anim. Nutr., no. 88, p. 211-222. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2004.00475.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2004.00475.x
Moreira, I., Fraga A. L., Paiano D., De Oliveira G. C., Scapinello C., Martins E. N. 2004. Nitrogen balance of starting barrow pigs fed on increasing lysine. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol. 47, no. 1, p. 85-91. http://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132004000100012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132004000100012
Stein, H. H., Sève B., Fuller M. F., Moughan, P. J., de Lange, C. F. M. 2007. Invited review: Amino acid bioavailability and digestibility in pig feed ingredients: Terminology and application. J. Anim. Sci., no. 85, p. 172-180. http://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2005-742 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2005-742
Main, R. G., Dritz S. S., Tokach M. D., Good-band R. D., Nelssen J. L. 2008. Determining an optimum lysine:calorie ratio for barrows and gilts in a commercial finishing facility. J. Anim. Sci., vol. 86, p. 2190-2207. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2007-0408
Chelukanov, M. M. 2013. Influence of diets with different levels of protein and amino acids on nitrogen metabolism and productivity of growing pigs. Dissertation research work: candidate of biological sciences: 03.03.01. Borovsk, Russia, 137 p.
How to Cite
This license permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.